Zergs are the smallest of the schnauzers, however, they differ from their larger counterparts only in size. The rest are bold, active, loyal dogs, from which excellent service dogs are often obtained. Future owners should always consider that the tsvergs are not suitable for lying on the couch, they need to pay attention and give the opportunity to splash out excessive energy.
The origin of the breed miniature schnauzer
Today, the historical roots of many breeds are not fully understood, the same applies to the miniature schnauzers. However, it is known for certain that they were bred on the basis of medium schnauzers - mitters. The breeders had a specific goal - to preserve the exterior of the mittels as much as possible, but to reduce their size. Moreover, the new breed, unlike other dwarf varieties, should be devoid of constitutional weaknesses.
The homeland of the tsverg is Germany, it was here, or rather, in the Swabian region, selection work was carried out. At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries there were experiments on crossing schnauzers with other breeds, in order to improve certain qualities. According to the speculations of the researchers, work was carried out with affinpinscher, orange spitz, poodles. The efforts were successful, and today the miniature pinschers have gained popularity around the world and even successfully carry out customs service in some countries.
The nature of the dogs of this breed
In the family, the miniature schnauzer is a favorite that allows children almost everything, very faithful and obedient. But if his protective qualities are suddenly required, then this funny doggie can turn into a very evil dog, with the frenzy of a protecting owner and property.
In his small body there lives a brave fighter, whom little can frighten or unsettle. But such a quality of the dog also obliges the owner to something. Despite its small size, the dog will obey only the real leader - smart, uncompromising, energetic.
Tsverghs are quite cautious about others, especially strangers. They take even large dogs as equals, and will never accept their authority, only on the basis of size. Dogs of this breed are distinguished by developed intelligence and unprecedented energy.
When accepting a puppy of a tsverg’s family, it’s worth considering that the functions of a guard and a guard are in his blood, so excessive zeal must be stopped and corrected from the first days of his appearance in the house. The pet does not need to explain who is “his” and who is not trustworthy.
The incredulity and incorruptibility in his blood and between the dainty offered by the stranger and the opportunity to drive him away, the Tsverg will not even doubt and will choose the second. Naturally, such behavior needs to be brought up, otherwise only the family members will enter the house except the owner. The rest will be dangerous dogs for the dog, threatening the family and property.
Description of the breed miniature schnauzer
The Miniature Schnauzer is a stocky dog, with a small, strong, muscular body that has the format of a square. This is a brave, vigilant guard who, unlike other decorative representatives, has no infantility in appearance, that is, there is no question of dwarf dwarfism:
- Representatives are characterized by large proportional size heads with a moderately pronounced broadness of the forehead and massiveness of the muzzle, decorated with brow-bushes, rich antennae and beard.
- The nose is pigmented in black, the nostrils are large, well open. Lips are dry, with black pigmentation, fit snugly. Complete set of teeth, strong, white with scissor bite. Eyes small, with a dark iris and a lively, mischievous look.
- The ears stop, in this case they acquire a standing form. Uncropped auricles are of medium length, slightly raised on the cartilage, with a high setting.
- The neck is medium in length, developed muscles, smoothly passes into a well-defined withers and strong, muscular, backwhich is somewhat sloping. The loin has a slight bulge. Croup with moderate bevel, muscles are well marked, there is roundness.
- Tail set high, shortened quickly, three vertebrae remain. When a dog is agitated, he takes upright position.
- Paws they have the shape of a “feline” type - shortened, slightly rounded, collected by a lump, with strong, dark claws.
Growth dogs varies between 30-35 cm, with the lower growth bar preferred in females, and the upper one in males, respectively. Weightdogs eat from 6 to 7 kg.
Woolly short the coat in dogs is thick, with a soft, rather delicate undercoat and a harsh, loose-fitting outer hair. The features of the appearance include a thick beard, a chic mustache and eyebrows covering his eyes. The hair on the legs is longer than on the rest of the body. As for decorating wool, it is stiff.
The miniature schnauzer moves easily, freely, energetically - with a sweeping trot. The dog is full of contrasts - having a rather funny appearance, at the same time, self-esteem and some imposingness prevail.
Colors of the Miniature Schnauzers
There are several colors of the zerg:
- Capsicum with salt. This is a zonally colored integument. Shades of wool range from gray with silver to dark steel. The undercoat is gray. The standard allows for lighter tones in the area of the eyebrows, mustache, beard, cheeks, neck, chest, limbs, abdomen and tail from the inside. The presence of a dark mask is mandatory for any shade of hair.
- Plain black wool. It requires purity and color depth, without admixture and gray hair, and the undercoat should also be black.
- Black wool with tan color silver. The background is black, silver-gray tints are placed on it, symmetry is required. The tan marks are located above the superciliary arches, from the sides, in the area of the cheeks, throat, on the chest - 2 triangles, metacarpals, metatarsals, the inside of the limbs, under the tail, around the anus. Undercoat of black light.
- Wool fawn colors. With an undercoat of gray tone.
- The coat is white. Plain, pure color, spots and specks are not allowed, with white or gray undercoat. There is pigmentation on the skin.
How to train a zerg
Before engaging in the upbringing of his restless four-legged friend, the owner must understand that it is impossible to treat this small dog as a decorative pet. It is always worth remembering that all schnauzers are large and not very, first of all, are service dogs.
Zergs are undoubtedly very intelligent dogs, but this does not mean that they do not need to be raised, and this should be done from a very early age. It is their ingenuity that can affect the fact that the dog will quickly begin to trick, and training will be greatly complicated.
During training, the owner must be firm and consistent. When giving a command to a pet, he must achieve its mandatory implementation. Otherwise, the dog will quickly seize the initiative, and he will already decide when and what he wants to do, and this smacks of the fact that the miniature will be ill-mannered and willful.
First of all, you need to teach the dog to obey implicitly, under any conditions and external stimuli. Given his fearless and even rather pugnacious character, this will help to avoid conflicts during walking and when guests come home.
By the way, the zwergos love active pursuits and if you make them diverse and as interesting as possible, then he won’t even dream of taking a break. And this is a great opportunity to throw out excess energy.
What can this little doggie learn? In fact, almost everything is within his power. Tsvergs can work at height, they are extremely jumping and can overcome obstacles several times higher than them. From such a pet, spending a little more time on training, you can make a real circus stunt.
A miniature can be very useful in the house, as he can be taught to bring things, and he does it with great pleasure. Despite the frivolous appearance and compact dimensions, the dog will seriously carry out the security service, and no one can pass by with impunity.
Representatives of this breed are recommended to start people leading an active lifestyle. The pet will accompany the owner during any training - jogging, cycling, morning exercises, etc. Moreover, he himself can be a very successful athlete, with him you can create a successful agility team, participate in dog frisbee, freestyle, flyball.
With a miniature schnauzer, you can sign up for almost any training courses, he can master any set of skills. The only limitation is draft load. Of course, the dog here will give all its best, but such an activity will adversely affect the health of a small pet. You should not force him to ride a child in a sleigh, harness him to a cart, and more.
Miniature Schnauzer Care
Zwerg requires care, especially this relates to his amazing coat. Like all schnauzers, tsvergs practically do not fade, and this is a definite plus, however, it is still necessary to rid the pet of dead hair. In addition, it is prone to tangling. Owners of domestic dogs that are far from a show career have the opportunity to ease their task and simply cut their outer hair, leaving only the undercoat. You can do this yourself or entrusting this work to a professional groomer.
However, if the dog participates in exhibitions, this option will not work, because the standard requires a rough, hard and tight coat. This can be achieved by plucking hairs in the area of the head, neck, auricles, sternum, trunk and tail.
A similar procedure - trimming, allows you to free the skin from old wool and is performed manually. This is a complex event that requires a long time and no less patience, it will seem especially difficult for a person who is engaged in such a process for the first time.
For trimming, you can consult with experienced owners of schnauzers or breeders, there is also always the opportunity to visit the groomer and see how to do it right. If there is no desire to do this on your own, then various pet shops are happy to provide such a service.
In order to prevent the wool from tangling and knocking over, it is necessary to regularly comb the pet with a special brush, suitable for a hard coat, once every 5-7 times a month. Be sure to do this before going to buy a dog. It is recommended to start the procedure from the limbs, not forgetting about the armpits, abdomen and paws, it is here that the worms are formed most often.
Zvergis do not require frequent bathing, usually the procedure is carried out before the haircut, before the exhibition and in case of pollution. It should be as careful as possible so that the funds do not penetrate the eyes, ears and jaws of the dog. It is advisable to use special, mild washing shampoos and gels with the effect of "no tears." Abundant wool should be thoroughly rinsed under running water.
Ears also require attention, they are regularly examined for infections and inflammatory processes. If they are covered with wool, which makes it difficult to inspect, it is recommended to pluck out excess hair using tweezers. Any discharge should be alert, as well as hyperemia. It’s enough to brush your teeth once every 7 days or give your pet a special dental toy or bone.
Miniature schnauzers are highly active dogs, which means they need special nutrition. Their body is very sensitive to fatty foods and often needs additional sources of vitamins and minerals. You can feed your pet with dry diets, however, it is still better if the feed is only an addition to natural nutrition.
In the lines of some manufacturers you can find special food for zerg, it is most adapted to the representatives of this breed and prevents the development of urolithiasis. But nevertheless, a balanced, natural food - meat, sour-milk products, cereals, vegetables, etc. will help to ensure a dog a long and healthy life.
Read more about feeding small breeds.
Photo of the Miniature Schnauzer
Miniature Schnauzer Video
Miniature Schnauzer cost
The price of a thoroughbred puppy starts at 18,000 rubles. It will be a healthy baby, with documents and necessary vaccinations. If you need a pet for breeding and show career, you will have to pay a little more. High-quality offspring from the nursery costs a maximum of 35,000-38,000 rubles.
Zwergschnauzer can be called a real bunch of energy, so it is not suitable as a sofa pet. This is a serious dog of small size, with a brave heart and unlimited devotion.
Miniature Schnauzer Nurseries
- Moscow //www.zwergschnauzer.ru/ru/
- Saint Petersburg //alterbekar.com/home.html
- Kiev //www.zwergschnauzer.com.ua
- Minsk //asson-ari.com