The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, or Alabai, is a large dog, from which it blows with power and some power. This breed has passed centuries-old natural selection and received from the ancestors all the best security and fighting qualities. In addition, this is a proud and freedom-loving dog from Central Asia, which requires some experience from the owner. What are the features of the breed and how difficult is it to keep this animal?
Origin of breed
The descendants of the Alabaevs are the oldest Central Asian breeds - the Tibetan mastiff, the shepherd dogs of nomadic tribes and the Mesopotamian fighting dogs. Scientists have found evidence that the Central Asian Shepherd already existed 2000 years ago BC. Then they were powerful animals with a short muzzle and strong jaws.
Throughout the entire period of existence, the Alabai were distinguished by excellent protective qualities. They were actively used to protect large facilities and put on guard. Their skills are indispensable for protecting livestock from predators. Dogs fearlessly entered the fray and at the same time came out victorious. Alabai - excellent hunters who can help in the extraction of animals, significantly exceeding them in size - a bear, wild boar, and even an elephant.
In the 30s, active work by breeders on the Alabai breed began on the territory of the USSR. Towards the end of the 20th century, a variety of Central Asian Shepherd Dog appeared - the Turkmen Alabay. The breed has taken root, and to this day is considered the best guard dog.
Alabai breed characterization
Possessing a massive complexion, Alabai still does not look awkward. All proportions are observed in his body, movements are harmonious. It has volumetric muscles, but without relief, a well-developed chest. The belly in dogs is collected, lean. Clearly stands out the lumbar. The skin is dense, elastic.
Representatives of this breed are quite high - males at the withers are from 75 cm, females starting from 65 cm. In females, the body is more oblong, in comparison with males. Excessive growth is welcome if all proportions of the body and animal are preserved. Weight varies between 75-80 kg.
The external distinctive features of the Alabaev are as follows:
- Alabaev has a big head rectangular in shape, with a smooth transition from the frontal part to the muzzle, however, pronounced superciliary arches externally add sharpness to it.
- Muzzle the dogs of this breed are quite massive, practically have no narrowing to the nose. The jaws of the Central Asians are strong, with thick lips and large teeth, covered with bright white enamel.
- Limbsthat hind, that front, straight, with well-developed muscles and round, heavy legs.
- Alabai have a very dense with wool with copious undercoat. The breed standards allow dogs to have short, tight-fitting hair, and a length of up to 10 cm. In the latter case, it forms a kind of mane, a fluffy tail, pants on its paws, and hairs in the behind-the-ear area.
- Tail Alabaev is fat, has a high landing. In most cases, ears and tail are stopped in puppies on the first day after they are born. This has been done since time immemorial in order to deprive a pet of the most unprotected areas from predatory animals. But today these actions are not mandatory, since the absence or presence of the tips of the ears or tail is absolutely not affected by the exhibition evaluations. Sometimes individuals born with a short tail are found.
- Eyes in purebred individuals they are small, far set, usually look carefully and somewhat wary. The nose, with any coat color, is black.
There are several colors of the Central Asian shepherd: black, fawn, gray, brindle and red. Marriage is considered to be wool of chocolate shades and blue, as well as any combination thereof.
Alabai Dog Character Traits
Nature has decreed that the Alabai have great power, they are hardy, fearless and at the same time can make decisions independently. Studies have shown that these pets have a very high intelligence. All these qualities in a complex make dogs universal - they can graze cattle, protect, and also perform a protective function. In addition, at home, these dogs are used for fighting.
For centuries, the instinct of the pack has been laid in them, and they calmly obey those who are above them in the hierarchical ladder. But, despite this, they are very freedom-loving.
Representatives of this breed can be kept in urban conditions, and in a country house. But pet owners should know that an Alabai pet does not tolerate bondage well, so you should not keep it on a chain.
These formidable-looking dogs have a complex character that requires a special approach. To protect the house was more reliable, it is worth getting two individuals at the same time - a male and a female. They will get along well and complement each other perfectly. Bitches have increased caution; they often bite the threatened object while it is at a distance. At the same time, they are more prone to obedience and do great with teams.
Males are more reckless, and at the same time, in case of danger, show all their aggression, acting without warning. To protect the territory, it’s not worth taking a few males, since according to the laws of the pack, sooner or later they will begin the struggle for leadership. War often ends in blood. Bitches will also behave in this way, but their struggle is not so fierce.
Contented dog breed Alabai in the photo
Thoroughbred pets have a very developed instinct for reproduction, so the owner of the female must necessarily knit her at least 3-4 times, otherwise she will not be controlled and may show causeless aggression. Males, smelling a bitch with estrus, can work miracles - breaking fences, jumping over the highest barriers. To keep them you will need a tall fence and chain.
Getting this "formidable weapon", the owner must immediately prove his superiority. The dog must understand the first time that the owner in the house is a person. If there are no training skills for such dogs, then you should seek help from a professional dog handler. A specialist can make a pet not only a workhorse, but also a companion dog that can get along with all family members, even small and tolerant of other animals.
Alabai are very easily offended and remember the offense for a long time, so you do not need to scold and punish them without good reason.
It will also be interesting to read reviews about alaba.
Alabai Care Features
Having a certain independence, the Alabai do not belong to chain dogs, and this obliges the owners to certain actions. Without requiring special care, dogs still need to follow certain rules:
- take long walks;
- play with your pet;
- feed in a specific place, observing the time interval;
- timely vaccinate;
- sometimes comb the hair, this is especially important during the period of abundant spring molting.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a constant need for physical activity. To throw out energy, the dog must move a lot, run. This will help long walks. In addition, taking a walk is necessary where the animal can be lowered from the leash without threatening the pet itself and others.
Alabai required attention from the owners. If you do not communicate with him, then the pet may feel lonely, abandoned and unnecessary.
Photo puppies alabai
As for the content, for greater comfort, the dog should have an aviary. It can be purchased ready-made, ordered or built independently. In any case, the dog will feel better, being not in a cramped apartment and not on a leash. It is advisable to provide a fence and a special doghouse. The pet will be able, whenever he wants, to stretch its legs, move, or relax under the roof of the booth. In addition, this will have a fruitful effect on the mental state of the pet, as an alabai planted on a chain becomes more unbalanced, often shows aggression, and tries to free itself all the time.
If the dog is in the aviary, do not forget about regular walking. This is the only way the pet can get the necessary load. If there are no suitable conditions for keeping a representative of this breed, then maybe it makes sense to choose a dog that does not require an aviary?
- how to bring up alabai;
- what to call alabai;
- how to train alabai.
What to feed alabai
Before you become the owner of such a powerful dog, you should find out what it needs to be fed? After all, the health, normal development and excellent health of the pet depend on a complete diet.
There is an opinion that dogs living in natural conditions should be fed the same way they would eat, living in nature. However, first of all, animal nutrition should be based on two prerequisites - food must be fresh, and feeding must be done twice a day, at the same time. The regimen must be established as early as puppyhood.
In the photo Alabai with the mistress
The food of toddlers and adult dogs is different. Young animals do not absorb foods that are high in calories. Puppies should not be given portions that exceed the norm, as this will teach the dog to eat more than he needs. This will subsequently adversely affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract, and indeed the whole organism. And, in addition, will lead to obesity.
One and a half to two week old puppies can be fed with warm cow's milk, with the addition of raw chicken eggs. Food for babies should have a liquid consistency. The diet must include meat and vegetable soups, cereals, cooked chopped vegetables, cottage cheese, yogurt, minced meat. As natural vitamin supplements, fish oil, fresh herbs, beet and carrot tops are suitable.
The animal’s menu should include foods containing as much protein as possible - milk and sour-milk products, various meats, sea fish, some types of cereals - buckwheat, rice, hercules, and millet. You can include fats of animal origin in the alabai diet, but it is better to refuse vegetable fats, since the body of dogs of this breed practically does not absorb them.
Alabai need salt, so you need to salt the dog’s food (no more than 20 grams per day). Like other predators, in the menu of these pets the main food should be meat, it can be from domestic or wild animals. Vegetables, cereals, bread (gray or black) are added to the meat. The food of adult pets is enriched with vitamins and minerals in the same way as babies. Alabai should not be given sharp bones and food spiced with spices.
Read more on how to feed alabai.
Take a look at these amazing alaba pics.
How much do Central Asian Shepherd puppies cost
Of course, first of all, the price of puppies of any breed depends on how high their popularity and whether they are rare. Dogs with this character and considerable dimensions are most often taken for protective purposes, and mainly in pairs - a boy and a girl. Naturally, such a union brings offspring, most often unplanned. Puppies do not have pedigrees, so you can buy them inexpensively, their price fluctuates around three to five thousand rubles.
Puppies with a pedigree will cost more - from 10 to 15 thousand rubles. If the baby is purchased from famous breeders, born of titled parents, then its price starts at 20,000 rubles and above. Before you buy, you need to weigh the pros and cons, taking into account the characteristics of the Alabai breed, suitable conditions and the unusual nature of the pet.
The best alabaev nursery in the Moscow region: //www.dogalabay.ru
Another good nursery: //www.psarnia.ru