Drathaar is a universal hunting dog, whose working qualities will not leave indifferent hunters, and the original appearance - those around. A characteristic feature of the appearance of the drathaar is the stiff coat, which gave the name to the breed. The literal translation of "Drathhaart" translates as wire wool (hair).
In Germany - in the homeland of Drathaar, there were good hunting dogs, which the Germans were very proud of. But all these dogs, as a rule, were highly specialized. And then the dog came up with the idea to get a universal hunting dog, which would combine the best working qualities of famous breeds. At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. work began with genetic material. The basis of the breed became German:
- Griffons (German Brushed Pointing Dogs);
- Shorthaired Pointing Dogs;
Until the beginning of the 20th century, disputes were going on about the exterior, origin and working qualities. Although the drathaaras appeared at exhibitions, they varied greatly in the quality of their fur and the presence of a beard and mustache.
The standard was first formulated in 1890. The improvement of the breed continued, societies were created that called for the restoration of the original breed of brush-haired Pointing Dogs. In 1924, the breed standard was adopted, and the drathaars began to be exported outside of Germany.
During World War II, it was difficult to monitor the cleanliness of the breed and until 1965, the time of the final adoption of the breed standard, it was allowed to infuse the blood of other hunting dogs once.
Drathaaras are popular not only in Germany, but also in the countries of Europe, America. Even in our country there is a German Drathaar cynological club. It is located in St. Petersburg and unites connoisseurs of these rare dogs.
Description of the Drathaar breed
German Drathaar is a medium sized dog. Height at the withers of males it is 61-68 cm, and the female - 57-64 cm. Weight is 27-32 kg, but can reach 40 kg, as the dog’s weight is not specified in the breed standards. The standard describes thoroughbred representatives as follows:
- Skull rounded, somewhat convex laterally, wedge-shaped. The superciliary arches and cheekbones are pronounced. The transition from a broad forehead to a nose is noticeable, deep.
- The nose is wide, long with a small hump, with a pronounced large lobe, painted in dark color and open nostrils.
- The lips are thick, tightly adjacent to the teeth, dark pigmented, in the corners form a small fold, but without too much sagging.
- The jaws are strong, strong, with a scissor bite. The teeth are white, triangular, full dentition.
- Eyes medium sized, not convex and not too recessed in the orbits. The look is tenacious, smart. The iris is dark. The eyes are well covered for centuries, tightly fitting to the eyeball and having dark pigmentation along the edge.
- The ears medium-sized, high set, hanging freely, triangular with rounded tips. In a calm state, they fall below the zygomatic arches.
- The neck is medium length, strong, somewhat arched, dry - without suspension.
- Back strong, covered with muscles, slightly falling to the tail. The loin is strong, the pelvis is wide, the withers are pronounced.
- The chest is oval, wide, with developed muscles, deep.
- The belly is a little picked up, forms an elegant line without suspension.
- Tail long, rather thick, for hunting purposes it is docked.
- Limbs strong, parallel, long enough with pronounced angles of joints. Paws are oval, arched with tightly clenched fingers and strong pads.
Due to well-developed muscles, long limbs and the absence of a noticeable fat layer, the dog easily and rectilinearly moves, jumps high. When moving, you feel power and swiftness. The movements are sweeping, but smooth.
A wide chest and rounded ribs will interfere with the bulky lungs, which increases the stamina of the dog in pursuit.
Colors and coat
The wool is stiff, similar to a wire, fits snugly to the body. The undercoat is dense and thick. Longer hair forms pronounced eyebrows, mustaches and a beard. The hair on the back of the legs, tail and stomach is slightly shorter. The length of the dog’s trunk and head does not exceed 2-4 cm. The coat protects the dog well from injuries when overcoming thickets, weather and cold, but does not hide a strong and flexible body.
The color is mostly dark, coffee color prevails. It can be a solid, diluted pinto with a clearly visible speck, with gray hair or steel-gray with coffee. There is a black color with gray hair, sometimes solid black.
The happy owners of the drathaars note their extreme affection for households, especially the owner. These dogs are owners and monogamous, longing for loneliness and tend to spend as much time as possible with a person.
This universal dog has strong not only hunting, but also territorial instincts, so it will protect the property and territory with zeal and courage. The dog is distrustful of strangers and may be malicious and alert in their attitude.
Drathaar is an intelligent, quick-witted dog, capable of making independent decisions. These character traits are very much appreciated during the hunt, but can be a nuisance when training.
Get along well with the kids. An active moving dog is ready to run and play naughty all day with the kids. With early socialization, it tolerates the presence of pets, but can be intolerant of representatives of its tribe and drive cats. But this is not manifested absurd character and aggressiveness, but a hunting instinct.
There is also a certain tendency to shoots, but this property will manifest itself if the dog is not occupied with any interesting thing for her. Running away from home, the dog is looking for new sensations and adventures.
Drathaar does not impose his love, but he closely follows the owner, expecting him to give tasks, encouragement and emotional support. In the conditions of a city apartment, the drathaar is bored and can cheat - spoil furniture, decor items, shoes. The full character of the dog is realized during the hunt, although with professional training and education it can perform a variety of functions.
Training drathaar requires patience, knowledge of character traits and natural inclinations. The strong-willed qualities and independence of the dog can negate all the efforts of an inexperienced dog handler. The nervous system of the dog is designed in such a way that it allows it to instantly switch to different types of activities, therefore tasks during training should be interesting, varied and not take a lot of time.
The dog gladly performs exercises involving his ingenuity, mind, good physical data and a tendency to search. Despite the fact that cynologists say that the drathaars are very susceptible to training, the whole process can take up to ½ year and should be carried out in stages.
When training a puppy of a hunting dog, it is necessary to establish a trusting relationship between the "student" and the "teacher". First of all, a puppy is taught to be fearless - not to be afraid of loud noises, water, dark dense thickets. A puppy must not be beaten, shouted at or punished.
Rudeness can lead not only to stubbornness and unwillingness to carry out commands, but also to aggression, fear. Nataska drathaara is a long process, requiring perseverance, patience and knowledge. After all, the hunting instinct does not include some of the requirements that are important for a good universal hunting dog and they need to be vaccinated.
Care and Health
Drathaar is unpretentious in leaving. Its dense coarse coat does not require grooming, frequent washing, bleaching. But it has a dense undercoat that falls out in the warm time and becomes thicker in the cold. To rid the dog of dead hair, it is necessary to comb it regularly, especially during molting and when kept at home.
The dog sheds seasonally very strongly, and daily combing will save the owners from shreds of wool in the apartment. Combed with a special brush with metal teeth - other species are simply not able to cope with the "wire" wool of drathaar. Some owners prefer to shave the dog with the help of a typewriter in order to rid themselves of worries about grooming during the molting period.
Healthy teeth are an important condition for a hunting dog, therefore they must be carefully looked after - cleaned, removed plaque, examined and treated sick and damaged teeth on time.
Dense vegetation on the dog's face can get dirty and care must be taken for the beard and mustache of the drathaar. Many owners wash them after each feeding, and some shorten their hair so that they do not get into a bowl, but such measures spoil the dog’s original appearance.
The hanging ears of a drathaar also require inspection and care. It is necessary to look after the eyes of the dog, as they have a predisposition to eye diseases. An active, impetuous dog, overcoming a dense shrub, can get hurt or “stick” ticks. The skin of the pet must be checked after walking. Inspect not only the wool, but also the skin, so that it does not have scratches, wounds, thorns.
It is also necessary to examine the paw pads, shorten the nails, especially if the dog does not hunt and runs on soft ground. It is imperative to adhere to the vaccination schedule, to deworm once every ½ year. With this care, the dog will live in good health until the age of 14-16.
The breed is characterized by diseases affecting active dogs with high loads on the joints of the limbs:
- joint dysplasia;
- dislocations and subluxations of joints.
But besides this, at drathaar there are:
- eye diseases;
- infectious diseases of the ears;
- dermatitis and dermatosis;
- malignant skin lesions;
In addition to the above pathologies, in general, the health of Drathaar is excellent, strong. But this does not mean that the dog cannot become infected with parasitic diseases or carnivorous diseases. Therefore, drathaara should be periodically examined for prevention and routinely vaccinated.
There is an opinion that hunting dogs should be fed only with natural food with a predominance of proteins. But today there are a number of special ready-made feeds that save the owner from the need to compile a diet that belongs to the category of premium, super-premium or holistic.
When feeding natural food in the diet should be 30-40% of animal proteins. Both whole meat and offal. Cartilage should be included in the diet of young dogs and puppies, veins - products containing building material for joints.
Porridge and vegetables should be 60-70%. It is impossible to overfeed drathaar, since a loose dog is a poor hunter, prone to severe systemic diseases. With natural feeding, vitamin and mineral supplements are additionally introduced.
First of all, a drathaar is a hunting dog, active, agile, temperamental, so it is more suitable for it to be kept in a country house, on a farm, where there is enough space to run around, search and satisfy the hunting instinct.
Thanks to the dense undercoat, the dog tolerates cold and bad weather well. However, when kept in an enclosure, the animal must have a warm and dry "house" with a bed, so that he can hide and relax.
Drathaara can also be kept in urban conditions, if the animal is provided with sufficient time to walk in the air and the necessary physical activity. If the dog is bored or does not spend energy during games and training, he will rush about the apartment and spoil things.
Some dog owners complain of a strong odor emanating from the drathaar coat, heavy molting and sloppy eating. Therefore, under the conditions of the apartment, only loyal lovers of this breed or avid hunters who often travel with the pet to nature are ready to endure drathaara.
Where to buy a puppy
The popularity of drathaara is gradually gaining momentum in our country, so hunters and breeders who have decided to breed this breed are wondering where to buy puppies.
Still, preference is given to nurseries in the homeland of Drathaar. Here the puppies go through a very strict selection and performance assessment. The cost of a "foreign" puppy is 400-2500 euros. The price is affected by gender, become and test results.
There are nurseries in Ukraine and Russia. In Russia, the cost of puppies ranges from 5,000 to 25,000 rubles. In Ukraine, it starts from 8,000 hryvnia. In Moscow, puppies of Drathaar can be purchased in kennels:
- "White Dew" - //vddbelyerosy.com;
- Nursery of German Drathaars Von der Nebelau- //www.nebelau.ru;
- Dog kennel Vom Honeverg - //dog.pet2me.com/en/club/id/4073/.
In Kiev, puppies can be purchased at EGER GROUP - //www.uahunter.com.ua/forum/doych-drathaar-pitomnika-eger-group-gulenko-kiev-t69213.html.
Drathaar is a dog for the active, courageous and stubborn. Do not start it for lying on the couch and demonstrating in front of friends. This faithful, gullible creature will be able to attach itself wholeheartedly to the family and will not stand the change of owners and prolonged separation from them. Therefore, before buying a puppy, you should think about how to provide him with the necessary care, give love and emotional comfort.