The idea of how the internal organs of the animal function, allows you to get a biochemical blood test. In addition, such a study makes it possible to determine how many vitamins and minerals are contained in the blood. No less important is albumin for cats.
What is albumin?
The main blood protein that is produced in the cat's liver is called albumin. Such proteins are allocated to the group of protein fractions, fluctuations in the proportions of their content in the blood of the pet indicates the existing pathologies in the body of the pet.
Albumin for cats is very important because it provides many vital functions.:
- maintaining normal osmotic blood pressure;
- transportation of useful elements;
- preservation of the reserve of amino acids in the body.
Normally, plasma albumin concentration should be in the range from 24 to 42 g / l. Albumin accounts for 38-55% of the total protein. Albumin is produced in the liver by approximately 15 g in 24 hours, half the amount of this protein breaks down within 17 days.
Elevated Albumin Levels
If albumin is elevated in cats, then this indicates dehydration and a significant loss of fluid in the body as a whole.
The reasons why the relative amount of albumin in the blood may be higher than normal:
- dehydration (severe dehydration);
- mistake made during the analysis.
Hyperalbuminemia - when albumin in a cat is elevated in the blood, as a rule, an increase in the absolute content of these proteins is not observed.
The albumin in a cat is lowered, it can be in the following cases:
- chronic ailments of the liver;
- overdose of drugs;
- bowel disease;
- diseases of an infectious nature;
- purulent processes;
- heart muscle failure;
- insufficient amount of protein in the diet, the result of starvation.
A low content of albumin in blood plasma is called hypoalbuminemia, if it is less than 15 g / l, it causes the occurrence of dropsy and swelling.
Violation of the production of albumin in the liver may be a consequence of the primary lesion of this organ. For example, with cirrhosis, hepatitis, lipidosis, poisoning with toxic substances, cancer metastases, leukemia and various neoplasms. And also with the loss of a significant mass of the liver.
A drop in serum albumin levels in some cases is a consequence of the loss of this protein as a result of:
- diabetes mellitus;
- significant output of the liquid part of the blood in acute inflammation;
- with a large-scale lesion of the skin (for example, with burns);
- due to the loss of lymph in some diseases, for example, with chyloscite or lymphorrhagia.
Low levels of albumin may result from very small amounts of food being ingested. This is observed with a protein-free diet or if the diet contains a minimal amount of protein. The cause can also be poor absorption of proteins in diseases of the small intestine and poor pancreatic function.
A certain ratio of albumin and globulin in cats may indicate an existing infectious peritonitis (FIP). These two indicators are interrelated, there is such a thing as an albumin-globulin coefficient, which normally in cats should be in the range of 1.5-2.3.