It is advisable to know the symptoms of pneumonia in cats to every loving owner, so that in the event of problems with the health of pets, they can be able to provide them with the necessary assistance in a timely manner. For a cat, as for a dog, pneumonia is a serious test. The path of infection of the animal may be different. If you miss the onset of pneumonia, there is a serious threat to the cat’s life, and even treatment does not always save the pet. At a young age and in good health, pneumonia in cats is not common. However, with age or with poor ecology, the lungs become very vulnerable, and pneumonia can occur one after another.
Symptoms of pneumonia
When pneumonia is at the beginning of development, its symptoms in a cat are not very pronounced, and the owner, with an insufficient attention to his four-legged friend, may miss the disease. Therefore, the first symptoms and treatment of pneumonia in cats in most cases do not start at the same time - the therapy is somewhat behind. After 2-3 days, the symptoms of pneumonia become bright, and it is impossible not to notice them.
There are pneumonia in a cat with the following symptoms:
- persistent thirst;
- hot dry nose;
- temperature increase to 41about;
- rapid breathing;
- Drooling - not always;
- profuse purulent discharge from the nose, having a sharp, extremely unpleasant odor;
- dry or wet cough;
- rapid exhaustion;
- unhealthy kind of coat.
Pneumonia develops quickly, and the cat’s condition worsens before his eyes, so you should visit the veterinary clinic without delay. Any delay in treating pneumonia can cost a pet's death.
It is impossible to make a diagnosis without a full examination of the animal, since the signs of pneumonia in cats are in many ways similar to the symptoms of other pathologies. To recognize this disease, it is necessary to carry out the following:
- X-ray of the lungs - reveals their edema and the nature of the development of inflammation, may be required in several projections;
- biochemical and general blood test;
- listening to the lungs for wheezing;
- sputum examination to determine the causative agent of pneumonia in order to use those antibiotics that will be effective against it;
- temperature measurement.
Typical pneumonia is caused by well-known pathogens, and it uses narrow-spectrum antibiotic drugs. When the pneumonia is atypical, it is provoked by unstudied bacteria and modern antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action are needed to get rid of them.
If after the diagnosis the cat’s condition is assessed as severe, then the pet will need to be hospitalized, as he needs constant supervision by a veterinarian. Without the possibility of urgent help from a specialist at home, the animal may die. With a moderate severity of the condition or its mild form, therapy for pneumonia is carried out at home with strict adherence to the recommendations of the veterinarian.
A disease called pneumonia has a different nature. Therefore, it is necessary to determine its pathogen before starting therapy. Self-medication for pneumonia in cats can cause death, even if the disease is not complicated. Given this, it should be, as soon as manifestations of pathology appear, show the pet to a specialist who will decide how to treat pneumonia in a cat in a specific situation. The duration of treatment is from 3 to 6 weeks, and in exceptional cases - 2 months.
Unauthorized changes in the scheme of giving medicines or their replacement are not allowed. When the owner believes that it is better for the cat to cancel the drug or choose another, he must first coordinate this with the veterinarian. If permission to these actions has not been obtained, then they should not be taken. If desired, the traditional treatment regimen for pneumonia can be supplemented with home remedies. Good results are given by giving the cat a small amount of honey.
The animal needs special conditions during the treatment period. A sick cat should be at rest. She needs to equip the couch in a quiet and warm place with dim light. She should not be bothered by children or other animals. When the pet wants to communicate, he himself will come to the person. Regular moistening of the air will also be required, since when it is too dry, the condition of the inflamed lungs will only worsen, and the respiratory process will be even more difficult.
All food, as well as water in the drinker should be warm. It is not uncommon for an pneumonia to completely lose an appetite. If the cat stops eating, she will not have enough strength to recover, and therefore the owner should find ways to persuade the animal to eat. If even the most beloved delicacies are ignored, injections of physiological saline and glucose will be required to maintain the strength of the animal, as well as forced feeding through a syringe with broths and liquid feed.
Cat breathing difficulties are common with pneumonia. A light massage helps to cope with it.. To accelerate the purification of the lungs from sputum massaging the chest. With it, gently tap with your fingertips on the chest of the cat, without causing pain and moving up from the abdomen. If after the procedure there is a cough in which sputum is secreted, there is nothing to worry about. This reaction of the body to the procedure is allowed.
When a cat is chilly during pneumonia, you can use a special hammock for it, which is attached to the battery. Its walls are quite dense, and the pet will definitely not get burned, but warming up will be complete. Instead of such a lounger, you can also use a chair, which is moved to the battery, previously hung with a blanket.
In the treatment of pneumonia in cats, when the disease is caused by bacterial infections, antibiotics must be used. When gram-negative pathogens are detected after bacteriological examination, such drugs are prescribed:
With pathogens from the gram-positive group, the following antibiotics are indicated:
All drugs are injected. When taking antibiotics, itchy skin may appear. This phenomenon is temporary and not dangerous.
When pneumonia is of a fungal nature, then for its treatment special formulations are used that act specifically on pathogenic fungi. If the cause of the disease is associated with the presence of parasites in the animal’s body, then the cat is primarily rid of them.
In addition to drugs whose action is aimed directly at combating the causative agent of the disease, a course of maintenance therapy is also carried out in the treatment of pneumonia. It allows you to avoid complications and accelerate the recovery of cats.
Immunomodulators, such as gamavit and fosprenil, as well as vitamin complexes, are prescribed. To accelerate the discharge of sputum and quickly cleanse the lungs, it is necessary to use mucolytic agents. Most often, losalvan and mucoltin are prescribed by veterinarians. They are given only when the cat's cough becomes wet. With a dry cough, animals, as well as people, expectorant preparations are strictly contraindicated.
Means for relieving cough are unacceptable, since they will not allow sputum to pass and be cleansed by the lung, from which the condition of the pet will only worsen.
If there are disorders of the cardiac system, then sedative drugs are also included in complex therapy. When edema is present, the treatment is supplemented with the inclusion of diuretics.
Pneumonia in cats, as in humans, is a dangerous disease that always requires urgent and competent treatment.