Rabies is a disease that leads to death. Most people who care about the health of their pets are wondering if cats have rabies. Pets can actually be affected by the virus, which is transmitted with the saliva of the carriers of the disease. In order to avoid this, you need to know everything about disease prevention, symptoms and forms of rabies.
Methods of infection
There are several ways to transmit a pathogenic virus from one animal to another. First of all, if the cat walks on the street, then this can happen through a bite. Less commonly, rabies can become infected when saliva enters open wounds or through mucous membranes.
Outbreaks of the disease often occur within the city, as there are too many stray dogs and cats on the streets that are not vaccinated. Pets are subject to rabies, which may have contact with the direct carriers of rabies - wild foxes or hedgehogs, raccoons.
Infection can occur in domestic cats that have access to the street. Outside the house, a pet can fight with a dog and other cats, eat an infected rodent.
Symptoms and forms of rabies
The first symptom in cats does not appear immediately. Rabies has a so-called incubation period, that is, a time when the disease has no visible signs. At the same time, the virus continues to affect the body and gradually destroy the animal’s nervous system.
When the development and reproduction of the virus reaches its peak, the behavior of the cat changes. She often comes to the hands of her master, tries to lick him or even bite him. It seems like a nice show of feelings, but after these symptoms there follows a complete loss of appetite.
Rabies in cats is shown gradually. Panic attacks at the sight of water and bright light, vocalization, weakness are added to the main signs. In the last stages of the cat, convulsions of the whole body and limbs begin. Death occurs suddenly from paralysis, respiratory arrest, heart attack, or exhaustion.
There are various forms of the development of the disease. Each form has its own unique symptoms and is characterized by a different duration of the stages of rabies development.
It is impossible to cure a sick animal or person, which is why rabies is considered the most dangerous infectious disease transmitted by animals.
There are also no exact methods for determining the disease. Even if a cat was taken from a spinal cord puncture, as well as samples of saliva, a clinical examination was performed, the test may be negative.
Even the most accurate analyzes cannot accurately detect rabies, and therefore relying on them makes no sense.
If the domestic cat is suspected of having a disease, then it is placed in a cage in a veterinary clinic. There she spends several weeks during the proposed incubation phase. If after the animal has no symptoms, then he is given a vaccine and released home with the owners.
Otherwise, the domestic cat should be euthanized, as it can infect others and treatment for feline rabies will not bring any results.
The most effective prevention of rabies in an animal is regular vaccinations.. They are put to the cat when her first milk fangs fall out. The first rabies vaccination for a cat usually occurs in the twelfth week of life.
Rabies is a serious disease that can cause a person to die. It is enough for saliva to get into an open wound so that the virus enters the bloodstream and nerve endings. As a rule, death from rabies is long and painful.