The country of origin of the Bobtail is Great Britain. Initially, the British bred a dog that would be a universal assistant to the farmer, a reliable shepherd and a formidable watchman. Modern representatives of the breed are rarely used for their intended purpose, and, usually, are simply companions, but they have not lost the skill of a reliable guard.
Centuries ago, when the bobtails were just being bred, their temper was much more severe, which was demanded by the status of a universal farmer dog. Presumably, her ancestors are the Briard and the South Russian Shepherd.
The name "Bobtail" comes from two English words, which in translation means "short tail". If puppies with a long tail were born in the litter, it was stopped. But not only for aesthetic or practical reasons. In the then England, shepherds were required to pay tax for the dog, and the amount was the greater, the longer the tail of the dog. The ancestors of modern bobtail were distinguished by rough habits and a somewhat loose physique. They were used mainly as security guards and beaters, and more mobile collies were often put to help.
For the first time, the original beauty of the bobtail attracted the attention of the public at the exhibition in 1873, then the dogs were already exhibited as a separate breed. After 15 years, the first pedigree club was organized, and former village dogs began to flicker on the lawns of the living rooms of the English elite. Breeders, in turn, continued to test the working qualities of the breed, but at the same time tried to soften its appearance and character. As a result, a bobtail from an uncouth dog turned into a charming family dog.
Outwardly, large and somewhat square dogs seem heavy and clumsy, but their appearance is deceiving. Bobtail movements are quite light, slightly springy while running. The head is massive with a square skull. The coat is thick, long and slightly wavy, slightly shorter on the muzzle than on the body. Eyes and nose are always small, dark in color. The ears are tiny and almost completely hidden under the fur.
The limbs are long and straight. The tail was previously stopped by standards, but today dogs with uncircumcised tails are also allowed. Bobtail color can be in any of the shades of gray and white.
Training and physical activity
Bobtails are strong and hardy dogs that are quite easy to train, love to work and take on new tasks with pleasure. It is important for owners to take into account that breed representatives can be very strong-willed and independent, therefore they need to instill any desirable habits from early childhood. Each dog needs an individual approach, in training it is better to try several methods and determine which one is more suitable for the pet. But, as a rule, it is motivational that is the best option. Having a goal, dogs become interested and more attentive
Physical activity should be quite intense. Bobtails need an active and long walk in the fresh air, preferably without a leash. Only outwardly they seem measured and slow, but in fact they are very energetic and always ready to support the game.
Bobtails are quite calm and friendly, but by no means phlegmatic. They are not inclined to fights, but the innate instinct of the shepherd tells the dog to selflessly protect the territory and the owner to whom she is selflessly devoted. Old English Shepherd dogs know how to listen to the owner and understand his intonation. They love to play and communicate, but they always know the measure, if the pet sees that the owner is not disposed to games, then he will not annoy.
Bobtails are very reasonable and calm dogs. Always behave somewhat restrained and pranks allow only with the permission of the owner. Shepherds by nature, they can work tirelessly for hours. Often they try to apply their cattle breeder instinct to family members, so it is important from early childhood to teach bobtails respect for others. Representatives of the breed prefer to be close to home, so they are rarely lost. With the right approach and education, the pet will be obedient and humble, but if it is not given proper attention, it can become rude and independent.
Maintenance and care
It is better to keep Bobtail dogs in a private house, in the apartment you can only if it is spacious enough. After all, they need regular walking and going around the territory. Bobtails are very peaceful, get along well with other pets.
In addition, they are very caring nannies who will take part in any children's pranks, and if necessary protect the baby from danger.
Looking at the bobtail, you can immediately imagine how difficult it will be to care for the coat, which, by the way, despite its length, does not have a pungent odor. There are two types of grooming: home and exhibition. Puppies are born short-haired and up to 2.5 years have time to change their coat three times.
- First time in approximately 4 months. It is then necessary to train a puppy to a hairbrush, which will become his companion for life.
- A more difficult stage will be the age of about a year, when the wool begins to fall into tangles. During this period, you will have to comb it at least 2-3 times a week, then a little less often, 3-4 times a month.
- After the third change of bobtail wool, comb 2 times a month.
They bathe dogs as they become soiled. If animals are preparing for the exhibition, they take water procedures two weeks before the show. Dried wool exclusively hairdryer in the cold blow mode. Particular attention is paid to the ears, they are periodically cleaned and cut, the wool growing inside. It is also recommended to cut hair between fingers and paw pads. In the warm season, a dog has a short haircut all over his body, otherwise there is a high risk of heat stroke. Claws leaking as they grow. Closely monitor the condition of the teeth.
Diet and Bobtail Health
Feeding the bobtail should be thought out, and the food should be complete. It is important that it contains all the nutrients the dog needs and is appropriate for physical activity. It is better to give preference to natural food. Bowls with food and fresh water should be on a stand so that the dog does not have to lower its head too low. If you prefer to feed the dog with prepared feeds, then, of course, in this case it is worth using high-quality holistic or at least super premium food.
Throughout the life of the pet focus on the earswhich are the weak point of the breed and are prone to inflammation. Among hereditary diseases, a certain predisposition to problems with vision and hearing is noted. Hip dysplasia is possible. Life expectancy is up to 13 years.
Photos of Bobtail (Old English Shepherd):