Kvamatel - a drug that is used for dogs with peptic ulcer and digestive system pathologies, accompanied by increased acidity of the stomach. Initially, the medication was created for people, but found its application in veterinary medicine, since there are no analogues to it among animal medicines.
Kvamatel in pharmacies is in the form of tablets and powder, which is used to prepare a solution for injection. The pills are round in appearance and pink in color. The concentration of famotidine - the active substance in them can be 10.20 and 40 mg. Also included are auxiliary components:
- titanium dioxide;
- magnesium stearate;
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- red iron oxide;
- corn starch, etc.
Tablets are packaged in blisters of 14 pieces. In a cardboard package there can be one or two such blisters.
The white powder, which is used to prepare the solution, is packaged in glass bottles, sealed with rubber stoppers. Bottles with powder are completed with solvent. As a solvent, a solution of sodium chloride is used. It is packaged in sealed glass ampoules. In one cardboard package 5 bottles and the same number of ampoules with solvent.
How does it work?
The active substance of the drug - famotidine has the ability to influence the synthesis of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. The active component blocks the functioning of histamine receptors, the stimulation of which produces hydrochloric acid. They are located on the gastric mucosa. They begin to work when food and even water enter the stomach.
The use of the drug can prevent irritation of the gastric mucosa and excessive formation of hydrochloric acid, which can cause gastritis, ulcers and other problems with the digestive system. Also, the drug inhibits the production of pepsin - a gastric enzyme, but it has practically no effect on the synthesis of liver enzymes. With proper use, Kvamatel does not affect the functioning of the liver, pancreas and spleen.
The medication is fast acting. When using tablets, the concentration of the active substance in the blood reaches its maximum value in just an hour, and with injections it is even faster. The drug is not completely absorbed into the bloodstream, but only by 40%. The active substance is partially metabolized in the liver. Residues are excreted by the kidneys.
When is it used?
Kvamatel for dogs is prescribed in the treatment of the following diseases:
- with peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum;
- with violations of the digestive system, accompanied by increased production of hydrochloric acid;
- with gastritis with increased acidity of the stomach;
- with hypersecretion of hydrochloric acid of unknown origin;
- with erosive gastroduodenitis.
Also, the drug can be used to prevent exacerbation of ulcers. Kvamatel is sometimes prescribed before surgery to prevent the outflow of hydrochloric acid into the internal cavity. As an aid, it can be used for severe poisoning, including those accompanied by internal bleeding.
Kvamatel for dogs is often prescribed when taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Medicines in this category can irritate the gastric mucosa. Due to irritation, the production of hydrochloric acid increases. With prolonged use, even internal bleeding may occur. An anti-ulcer agent can prevent such side effects of non-steroidal drugs.
Note! Never use Kvamatel for dogs without consulting a doctor. It has contraindications and can cause serious side effects. In addition, clinical trials are necessary, since the medication can suppress the symptoms of a tumor of the gastrointestinal tract.
How to apply
Since the instruction for use of Kvamatel is focused on people, you will not find dosages and features of use for dogs in it. Typically, the dosage is 0.5-1 mg of active substance per 1 kg of weight, that is, a 10 mg tablet per 10-20 kg. The veterinarian must calculate the exact dose, because it can vary depending on the weight, pet's health status, symptoms and other factors.
For dogs, tablets with a minimum concentration of active substance are usually used. Although when using the medicine for representatives of large breeds, you can purchase a more concentrated version of the drug. Eating does not affect the effect of the drug, so tablets can be mixed with food. It is advisable to give medication in the evening, once a day. In each case, the doctor determines the duration of treatment individually.
Kvamatel injections for dogs are rarely used, especially when treating at home. The drug must be administered intravenously. To prepare the solution, you need to collect a solution of sodium chloride in a sterile syringe. Pour it into a bottle of powder through a puncture in a rubber stopper. Shake well to make the solution homogeneous, and then draw the required amount into the syringe. The dosage is calculated in the same way as when using tablets, that is, 0.5-1 mg per 1 kg of weight. In one bottle 20 mg of famotidine.
Note! During the treatment with Kvamatel, the pet must follow a diet. From the diet you need to remove all products that can irritate the gastric mucosa (smoked, fried, greasy, etc.). If the dog is on dry food, it must be transferred to a special therapeutic feed.
If it is planned to check the level of acidity of gastric juice, Kvamatel stop giving per day.
Contraindications and side effects
You can not use Kvamatel for dogs in such cases:
- with intolerance to the components;
- with liver failure;
- with renal failure;
- with cirrhosis of the liver.
If the animal has acute or chronic liver disease, the drug is prescribed with caution. In addition, periodically conduct clinical studies to monitor the work of this body.
You can not use the medication during pregnancy and lactation, since the active substance is able to penetrate into milk and through the placenta. For puppies, medicine is also prohibited. A young immature body may not be able to cope with the removal of the components of the drug, which entails developmental disabilities.
Kvamatel can cause serious side effects:
- nausea and vomiting
- violation of the liver and pancreas;
- apathy or anxiety and aggressiveness;
- hair loss;
- excessive drowsiness;
- weakness, impaired coordination of movements;
- muscle or joint pain;
- anaphylactic shock, etc.
The following symptoms may indicate an overdose:
- lowering blood pressure;
- tremor of limbs;
- impaired motor function (the animal can rise on its paws and immediately fall).
When identifying such symptoms, you need to act immediately. The first step is to rinse the stomach to remove the remnants of the drug from the body. Then the dog is given enterosorbents to remove toxic components and symptomatic therapy is prescribed.
How much is and where to buy?
The price of Kvamatel varies within the following limits:
- 10 mg tablets, 14 pcs. - 65-75 rubles .;
- 20 mg tablets, 28 pcs. - 125-160 rubles .;
- powder + solvent, 5 doses - 400-450 rubles.
The cost of the medicine is taken from online pharmacies. In ordinary pharmacies, it may be slightly higher. You can buy medicine at any human pharmacy.
You can see the current price of tablets and buy them right here:
Alla, Mistress Collie:
"Our dog has gastritis. Collies are hypersensitive, so many drugs are forbidden for them, but Kvamatel we tolerate well. During periods of exacerbation of the disease, which usually pass in spring and autumn, this remedy becomes a real salvation for us. Of course, we adjust the diet. We cook hercules, we use special medicinal food. In general, we are very pleased with the effect of the drug, and it is inexpensive. There is enough packaging for one course. "
Anton, owner of the pit bull terrier:
"We were prescribed Kvamatel together with Rimadil. The dog was taking pain medication due to joint problems. The doctor warned that he could cause stomach bleeding, so Kvamatel was prescribed additionally. It’s a good and inexpensive drug. The treatment was successful. There were no side effects."
Catherine, a veterinarian with 10 years of experience:
“Kvamatel is often prescribed to my furry clients. Without this drug, not a single treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can do. It helps prevent the formation of ulcers. And although the medicine has a number of side effects, there have been no critical situations in my practice. A good drug, but you need to use it for doctor’s recommendations. "
Oleg, a veterinarian with 6 years of experience:
“There are a lot of similar diseases in animals and people, but sometimes there are no medications among veterinary drugs to treat certain pathologies. In such situations, you have to use human medicines. For example, I have been using Kvamatel for gastritis and peptic ulcers in pets for a long time. The drug has proven itself only from the best side. For the entire time of the application of complaints there were no. "