Home servals are valued for the unusual appearance of wild cats, which in essence are. Not so long ago, breeders found out that this species is perfectly tamed, is playful and good-natured, if you approach the matter wisely. A lover of exotic quickly took note of this and started a very beautiful exotic animal.
Serval, also called shrubby cat, is distinguished by the pride and grace of an African predator. Its dimensions are small in comparison with other African counterparts and simply gigantic, if you equate it to an ordinary domestic cat. The weight of spotted pets ranges from 8-18 kg. Height - 40-65 cm, and body length can reach 130 cm.
The head is relatively small, the muzzle is not elongated, but the ears are quite large, set high, well pubescent inside. The nose and nose are wide. The eyes are almond-shaped, large. Servals are real top models in the cat world. Their limbs are the longest in relation to the body, while the hind legs are slightly longer than the front.
The coat is short, thick and shiny. The main color is golden brown. On the chest of the stomach and muzzle, lighter areas, almost white, are visible, and the main decoration of the cat is contrasting black spots located in stripes. Color may have some differences depending on the geographical homeland. Servals from the steppe regions are distinguished by large spots and a light background, and forest cats are darker.
In captivity, serials sometimes mate with ordinary domestic cats. On the basis of such hybrids a new breed was bred, which was called Savannah. There was also information about the appearance of a hypoallergenic breed with the beautiful name of Asher. Subsequently, they turned out to be the same shrouds, the price of which the scammers greatly exaggerated. In addition, the mating of bush cats with steppe lynxes, caracals is often quite successful. As a result, the so-called servikals or caravans are born.
Serval in the wild
Servals are common throughout Africa, with the exception of the south of the mainland. A total of 14 subspecies, some of them are threatened with extinction.
In the wild, servals settle in shrubbery and grassy thickets near the water. Active mainly in twilight, as well as at dawn. Thanks to the high limbs of the serval and its well-developed hearing, the serval neatly move around in tall grass, looking for prey on top of it. Hunting tactics are similar to caracal, the serval does not like chasing, he prefers ambushes and long jumps. From a place a cat can jump 3 m. In height and up to 5 m. In length. The rodent of the serval often just has to dig out of the holes. For wood animals he climbs on tree branches, swims well.
Servals lead a solitary lifestyle and try to avoid all kinds of conflicts.
Propagate throughout the year. During courtship, both female and male rest for several days and hunt together. Pregnancy lasts 65-75 days. There are usually two three kittens in a litter. Up to 5 months, the mother feeds them milk, and at the age of about a year they go to free bread.
Character, intellect and habits
Home servals grown in nurseries are surprisingly friendly and affectionate animals that pose virtually no danger to humans. Nevertheless, they are categorically not recommended for families with young children who have not yet learned to respect animals.
In general, servals are sociable, playful and intelligent. They are very affectionate and gentle to all family members. They prefer to sleep in beds and are rarely aggressive towards strangers. Only if they had no previous experience with other people can they avoid contact. You can even say that in the nature of the serval there is a certain timidity and cowardice. It is important for these cats to feel protected and to know that there is a safe place in the vicinity.
By nature, servals are very curious, they are happy to learn new games and explore previously unfamiliar territories. With other cats, as a rule, get along well. Cohabitation with a dog depends on the nature of the latter. Serval will not be friends against and play together if they do not show aggression. Rodents, birds, ferrets will remain a potential food for the cat, so you should not seduce her, and even more so then scolding him for the usually manifestation of a hunting instinct.
Servals are very smart, they quickly remember home rules, but besides this they can be easily trained and can learn several commands. They are distinguished from ordinary cats by size and speed of reaction, besides this, servals are very fond of water.
Serval content at home
Serval is recommended to start only for living in a private house with an attached aviary and free entrance to it from a separate cat room. It is important that the animal always has a place where it can hide or just retire for relaxation. Sometimes servals are brought into apartments, but this is not the best option. Servals need to move a lot to maintain good physical condition and health.
Servals do not need special care, they do not have a specific smell and are very clean.
Not so long ago, they did not even suspect the possibility of professional grooming, and therefore they were accustomed to follow personal hygiene. True, many owners comb out their cats in order to maintain a neat appearance during seasonal molting, using natural bristle brushes or special gloves. Caracal can be offered to swim as fun, but they do not need to be washed with professional shampoos or conditioners. In the toilet, servals go to a pot with a filler, which differs from a cat’s time only in size.
It is also worth considering that servals with the onset of puberty begin to actively mark the territory. In this regard, castration / sterilization is not recommended for animals for breeding.
Video about the content of the home server:
Features of education
In the education of the serval will have to show considerable patience, while it is important to take into account a lot of features, not to neglect the advice of breeders.
Serval kittens love to chew everything, in this they look like puppies. A lot of toys will wash your baby's attention from valuable things. to. And electric wires and electrical appliances are recommended to spray with special cat sprays from the "anti-spray" series, which are sold in ordinary pet stores. In no case can not scream and beat a cat, this she can not forgive. In addition, a clear “no!” Command backed up by spray water will be more effective. You can’t play with your baby’s hands or feet, as he grows up he will perceive them with his toys, he can scratch, bite or attack from an “ambush”.
You should train on a leash as soon as possible. On the street, the kitten should feel absolutely safe next to the owner, this is the main guarantee of success.
How to feed a serval
You need to feed the serval so that he doesn’t even think about yearning for the African savannah. In the wild, most of the predator’s diet is rodents and birds. A smaller part is made up of snakes, lizards, and insects. Of course, you don’t have to catch grasshoppers for a cat, just make the right menu of meat (beef, veal), fodder mice, rats and poultry. As a compliment from the cook, quail eggs and offal can be offered to the animal. Be sure to introduce vitamin and mineral supplements into the diet. Water should always be freely available.
Servals usually have good health and good immunity. With proper maintenance and nutrition, they practically do not get sick. But before you start an unusual pet, you should make sure that there is a veterinarian nearby who can provide qualified assistance. Servalam is vaccinated with conventional feline vaccines. The life span of the serval is 13-15 years, individual individuals can live up to 20 years.
Serval kitten selection and price
The optimal age of a kitten for moving to a new family is 2-3 months. During this period of life, the baby begins to get used to smells and rules. He chooses a "favorite" among people and begins to become a full member of the family. At this age, begins an active upbringing of the animal, accustoming to walks and more. It will be more difficult for grown up servals to adapt in a new house.
It is very important to buy exotic animals from breeders, not from resellers. The baby and his parents should have a full package of documents confirming their origin and health. But it is more important that he is accustomed to a person from an early age.
If the animal was caught in the wild or raised in a closed enclosure, this can lead to huge problems with behavior and taming in the future.
The cost of servals depends on many factors. Breeders set prices themselves, focusing on the average market value of 2 in the country, in Russia it amounts to 400 thousand rubles. In some kennels, kittens may cost 8,500 or more. In other CIS countries, the price of a serval is usually slightly lower - 7000-7500 thousand dollars. Breeding kittens are always more expensive than those sold as pets under castration / sterilization. The main thing when buying an exotic animal is not to run into scammers.
Photos of kittens and adult domestic servals: