The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the "indoor" dogs, which are more and more often brought in urban conditions in apartments. This mustache perfectly adapts to life in the apartment, is very flexible in terms of character and gives a lot of joy to its owners. But first things first.
History of breed origin
Undoubtedly, the birthplace of this breed is Great Britain. Even the Romans mentioned York in their annals. Therefore, all scientists unanimously declare that Yorkshire terriers have English "roots".
Modern York was bred already in the 19th century AD. It differs from that described in the annals. Initially, dogs began to be used in factory districts for catching rats and mice, which at one time massively inundated England. Somewhat later, fashion in York moved to large cities, where rich people used them as a fashionable “accessory”.
The first representatives differed from modern ones. They are larger. Small Yorks appeared in the 80s of the 19th century (of course, AD). However, despite its current miniature size, both half-kilogram individuals and five-kilogram terriers are recorded. But the norm is about three kilos. Previously, there was no single standard for ears. Standing and hanging uncropped are considered the norm. Who liked it. However, it is now accepted to consider small cropped erect ears as the standard. Do not forget about the hair of a pet. it should be not only smooth and long, but also silky, even resembling a skirt that symmetrically falls on both sides of the body of the dog. From the back of the head to the tailbone there should be a straight part.
Even the color of the coat is prescribed by the norms. If we consider the long hair on the body, then it is siso-steel. But on the tail it is deep blue, but on the head the coat color should be red-brown or golden. The dog is very energetic, it has so many emotions and forces that it looks like a small perpetual motion machine. Behind her you need an eye and an eye.
Because of their flexible, yet mischievous nature, Yorkies are ideal for families with children. Dogs are obedient, intelligent, and well trained. Raising a pet is easy, but not so easy either. Still, homely beauties have a character, so you need to find your own approach to them. Do not count on an innate compliant character. If you do not educate, then the dog will be uncontrollable. In no case should they be shouted or subjected to violence. This will finally destroy the dog's psyche. Fix this will not work even for an experienced dog handler.
Yorkshire terriers themselves are not aggressive. They are safe for both children and pets. However, your little pets still feel like hunters and protectors (of their territory and members of their "flock"). Despite its high level of intelligence, the dog is absolutely unsophisticated. She is not dirty, not capable of deceit. However, if she offends her, she may take revenge.
This breed can not be attributed to "empty bells". If the dog barks, then this is the case. The purpose of the voice is to get your attention. Therefore, without work, the Yorkshire Terrier will not bother you with a loud voice.
Education of York (however, like any other breed) should begin in the first months of life. You must be consistent in your behavior. If you can’t climb on the sofa, then do not take the animal with you. the bed should also be prohibited. No matter how you would like, you can’t take a pet there.
- Firstly, without you, the Yorkshire Terrier can unsuccessfully jump and get seriously injured.
- Secondly, the dog will perceive itself as a leader - the leader of the pack, and not you. This will lead to disobedience, a change in behavior.
Care and maintenance
Unfortunately, recently Yorkshire terriers have become "prisoners." They are kept exclusively for the sake of exhibitions, stuffed with vitamins and numerous additives just to make the coat shine. Sometimes they are even kept in cages so that the dog does not stain and tangles the hair.
Constantly comb, smear conditioners, which, of course, with excessive zeal can cause stress for the dog. The future owner needs to understand that York is not a toy or an exhibit. This is a living creature, with a very proud and sometimes moody character, which needs affection, attention and respect.
Looking after terriers is not so difficult. All they need: quality food, peace of mind and your love. Even if you do not return home for a long time, York can go to the cradle (unless, of course, you teach your pet to do this from childhood). Some owners use this method in bad weather. This allows you not to go for a walk in the rain or in strong winds. Nevertheless, it is better not to abuse this method, because however the dog needs fresh air and jogging.
Clothing for York will not allow your pet to freeze. Now you can buy a wide variety of costumes, blouses, overalls and even shoes. A wardrobe is necessary not only for a stylish image of a pet, but also for its safety and health. Clothing will protect from atmospheric precipitation, wind, frost. Small yorks freeze quickly, which can lead to colds or more serious inflammatory processes. In addition, rains and frosts adversely affect the condition of the coat. It grows dull, molts, gets confused, cuts and electrifies. And this is extremely undesirable.
Take care of your pet's eyes to avoid conjunctivitis. To do this, wipe with cotton swab soaked in clean boiled water or chamomile tea, beads of your York. Do not forget about combing the hair on the face. If necessary, it must be washed if the dog inaccurately ate and got dirty. Yorkshire Terrier is very fragile. Therefore, it should be handled very carefully and carefully. Especially in puppyhood. Otherwise, you may hurt the animal or cause injury.
Addiction to disease
Yorkers have a predisposition to dental diseases. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the condition of the oral cavity. Periodically brush your teeth with a special “dog” toothpaste and brush. And also use special treats for brushing your teeth as a preventive measure. If you find tartar, go to the veterinarian. He using ultrasound to carefully remove it. Otherwise, bad breath will appear first, then tooth decay will develop. And pathogenic microorganisms from affected teeth with blood flow will spread throughout the body, causing inflammatory processes in the internal organs.
Often, Yorkshire suffers from hernias. Often, predisposition to them is inherited. And it is eliminated exclusively by operational means. Joints and ligaments also often suffer from high jumps or careless handling of animals.
Photos of Yorkshire Terriers: