To properly feed a sphinx kitten you need to study the features of the breed. Given the needs of the pet, you need to decide what to feed the sphinx kitten, that is, choose between ready-made feeds, natural and mixed diets.
Sphinx - breed features
Having studied the features of the breed, you can make an optimal, personalized diet for the kitten. Proper nutrition, which is monitored and corrected, is the key to a pet's health.
It is important to understand that even if a cat has predispositions or chronic illnesses, quality care and a balanced diet can significantly improve the standard of living.
A balanced diet for the sphinx is prevention:
- Acne (acne).
- Diseases of the teeth and oral cavity.
Sphinxes spend a lot of energy on heating their own bodies, so they eat a lot and rarely suffer from excess weight.
However, abundant feeding of a cat with impaired hormonal function leads to frighteningly sharp weight gain, which is fraught with the development of heart failure.
Many potential owners, trying to save a family budget, buy kittens with unconfirmed breed value. In most cases, such kittens are mestizos in several generations.
Unfortunately, it was thanks to the desire to save money that the myth spread that all sphinxes suffer from allergies and acne. Yes, such pathologies can excite a thoroughbred cat, but in mestizos, they appear with almost 100% probability.
Don and Canadian sphinxes - differences and features
Many people know that there are naked cats and do not see differences in them. To date, naked cats include:
- Don Sphinx - naked and velor.
- Canadian Sphinx - naked and brush.
- The Peterbold or St. Petersburg Sphynx is a young, hairless cat breed bred in Russia.
- Ukrainian Levkoy is a very rare hairless cat breed with rounded ears.
- Bambino is a very rare miniature hairless cat breed.
There are cats with partial wool: Devon Rex, Cornish Rex and Liko. Absolute leadership in the number of livestock, popularity and prevalence are the Canadian and Don Sphynx.
How do they differ?
- Canadian sphinxes are bred for more than half a century, the Don variety is much younger.
- Canadian sphinxes have rounded features of the muzzle; in Don cats, the muzzle is sharp with clear lines.
- Canadian sphinxes do not have a mustache; Don sphinxes usually have a mustache.
- All Don Sphinxes have a light fluff; among Canadians there are absolutely naked individuals.
- Canadian sphinxes are graceful, Don sphinxes have an athletic physique.
- The Canadian sphinxes have folds, the Don sphinxes have almost none.
The main difference between breeds in health! Canadian sphinxes are inferior in this point to their counterparts due to the age of the breed. Many Canadian owners are forced to keep their pets hypoallergenic or preventative in the elderly.
Important! When buying a kitten in a nursery, after a veterinary examination, from healthy producers - the risks are minimal.
Choosing a place and utensils for feeding
Feeding is a key aspect of care. The choice of places and utensils for feeding directly affects the health status of the pet. During the meal, the cat should feel comfortable and safe, so while the kitten is small, make sure that he does not have to compete for food with other pets (if any).
Bowls should be comfortable, practical and safe. The best choice is ceramic bowls, they are easy to wash, and they do not slip. Ceramic bowls break, so as an alternative, you can choose stainless steel products. However, steel bowls glide when the cat eats, so it is best to place them on delivery.
How to feed a sphinx kitten - the choice of diet type
When deciding how to feed a sphinx kitten, you need to choose from three types of feeding:
Each type of feeding implies certain pros and cons for both the owner and the pet. Let's look a little more.
The natural diet for a sphinx kitten implies:
- Feeding raw and cooked foods in pure and mixed form.
- Feeding exclusively raw foods.
- Feeding semi-finished products of home production.
- Cheaper than industrial feeds of approximate quality.
- You can adjust the calorie content.
- Taste variety.
- You need to spend time cooking.
- It is necessary to regularly conduct vitamin courses.
Sphinx kitten can be converted to a natural diet from a month old. By about 10-11 months, the pet will fully form taste preferences, so during this period, you need to accustom him to useful products.
Finished feed is divided into types:
- Dry - granules.
- Semi-moist - pieces with gravy or jelly.
- Wet - paste or paste.
Veterinarians recommend feeding adult cats, alternating wet and dry food. Feeding only by drying leads to spoilage of tooth enamel, and exceptionally soft food harms the gums. By quality, finished feed is divided into classes:
- Super premium.
The better the feed, the more expensive it is. For healthy animals, premium daily feeds are suitable. For cats with poor health, feed should be at least the super premium class.
If the pet has certain tendencies or diseases, the food should be selected from a specialized line:
- For exhausted kittens and adult animals.
- Hygienic (usually goodies).
- No need to cook - saves time.
- High-quality feeds are balanced, contain all the necessary vitamins, minerals and taurine.
- In case of food allergies, the cat needs to be transferred to hypoallergenic food, and it is more expensive than everyday.
- There is a risk of buying fake or stale (by weight) feed, and this is a direct threat to the health of the pet.
A sphinx kitten can be fed a substitute for cat milk from birth. The industrial menu of pastes and pastes is shown to kittens from a month old. Canned pieces are introduced into the diet from 3-4 months of age.
Important! Dry food is introduced into the diet after a complete change of teeth.
Mixed Diet for Sphinx Kitten
A mixed diet involves a menu composed of natural products and prepared feeds. Veterinarians and feed manufacturers do not recommend keeping pets on a mixed diet, as it is fraught with:
- The development of gastritis.
- Abrupt gain or loss of weight.
- An exacerbation or manifestation of a food allergy.
- Aggravation of the hormonal system.
Sphinx kittens are physically unable to digest food of different structures up to 4-5 months of age. Part of the food, most often food, is not digested, but rots in the intestines.
Sample menu by age
Having compiled a sample menu by age, you can calculate your capabilities ... both physical and financial. If you decide to become the owner of a hairless cat, it is better to immediately expect that the pet will have to be transferred to a hypoallergenic diet. In this matter, it is better to "retrain" than to encounter unexpectedness.
A cat's skin is an indicator of her health. In cats with long hair, the deterioration of the skin may be imperceptible for a while, in naked pets, all symptoms are immediately noticeable. One of the signs of malnutrition is plaque on the skin, which leaves marks on which the cat was sitting or sleeping.
Up to a month
Before the age of one month, the kitten should receive exclusively mother's milk, as it contains antibodies and beneficial bacteria. If the baby is deprived of maternal care, it needs to be artificially fed.
Natural menu for a sphinx kitten under the age of a month
- Goat milk diluted with boiled water.
- Scott's mix for kittens.
- Tiling mix for kittens.
- Substitute of cat's milk.
- From 1.5-2 weeks - infant formula "from 0" (without additives and sugar).
The daily norm of food ranges from 40 to 60 ml., Depends on the number of babies in the litter, individual characteristics and dimensions.
The number of feedings of the sphinx kitten up to 2 weeks - every 2 hours, 10 times a day. From 2 to 4 weeks, kittens eat every 2-3 hours, with a night break of 4-6 hours, about 8 times a day.
At 1 month, babies open their eyes and receive the first supplementary feeding. Natural menu for a monthly sphinx kitten:
- Maternal milk.
- Whole goat or cow milk.
- Low-fat beef broth.
- Minced boiled mixed with broth and homemade meat paste.
- Cat milk substitute or infant formula.
- With stunted growth - paste for exhausted kittens.
Serving size depends on the pace of formation, development and weight gain. The daily food intake ranges from 50-90 gr.
Number of feedings: 6-7 times a day, excluding breast milk.
At 2 months, kittens begin to prepare for vaccination, which is accompanied by the prevention of worms. Slight weight loss immediately after an anthelmintic is considered normal. Amid increasing needs of a growing organism, the diet is being strengthened.
- Mother's milk or natural substitute.
- Whole milk is cow or goat.
- Calcined Curd.
- Dairy products.
- Minced boiled (finely chopped).
- Shredded, raw, processed with boiling water or previously frozen, meat (beef).
- Cat milk substitute or infant formula.
- Canned food for kittens.
The daily food intake directly depends on body weight and ranges from 60-100 gr.
The number of feeds varies from 5 to 6 times a day, excluding consumed breast milk.
At 3 months, usually kittens move to a new home. To reduce stress from moving, it is advisable not to change the diet and schedule of feeding the kitten in the first 10-14 days of life in a new house. After a period of adaptation, you can gradually transfer the kitten to your chosen type of food.
- Mother's milk or its substitute.
- Whole milk, fermented milk products, calcined cottage cheese.
- Minced boiled, raw, chopped meat.
- The broth is non-greasy, clean or with an egg.
- Raw quail eggs or chicken yolk. Can be mixed with cottage cheese.
- Grated carrots, a little green apple.
- Cat milk substitute or infant formula.
- Canned food for kittens.
- Semi-moist food for kittens.
Serving size remains unchanged, but due to increased nutritional value, the baby stays full longer.
Number of feedings: 5-6 times a day.
At 4-6 months, the kitten is in the stage of active growth, in addition, the baby's teeth change. Rising needs for nutrients and minerals are offset by increased diets.
- Whole milk, fermented milk products, cottage cheese - in large quantities.
- Boiled and raw meat without fat and bones - beef, veal, rabbit.
- Oceanic fish, non-greasy - crushed, boiled cleaned from bones or after deep freezing.
- Beef or poultry offal, boiled, chopped.
- Chicken, quail eggs - raw, boiled, scrambled eggs (without oil). Can be mixed with vegetables or dairy products.
- Vegetables - raw, grated.
- Semi-moist feed.
- Soaked dry food.
The daily food intake ranges from 100-140 gr.
Number of feedings: 4-5 full meals and 2-3 snacks.
6 months to 1 year
At the age of 6 months to 1 year, the pet finally formed taste preferences. In addition, statistically, it is during this period that food allergy manifests itself, if any.
- Meat - beef, poultry, rabbit.
- Meat offal - beef, poultry.
- Homemade milk.
- Sour-milk products - any, better than home-made.
- Fish and seafood.
- Broths are fish, meat.
- Chicken, quail eggs.
- Raw vegetables.
- Fruits are not sweet, little by little (as a source of vitamins).
- Greens, grass.
- Cereals - only with increased activity, growth retardation and obvious non-saturation of the diet without cereals.
- Until a complete change of teeth (7-8 months) - wet and semi-wet food for kittens of bare breeds, soaked dry food.
- After a complete change of teeth - 75% of dry and 25% of wet or semi-moist food.
The daily food norm is formed individually and ranges from 160 to 220 g.
The number of feeds is gradually reduced to 3 times.
Vitamins and Supplements in the Sphinx Diet
With a natural type of nutrition, vitamins and supplements must be present in the diet of the sphinx on an ongoing basis. Natural Vitamin Supplements:
- Meat and bone meal.
- Fish liver, chicken, beef.
- Greens, vegetables, fruits.
- Sunflower oil, olive.
- Brewer's yeast.
Pharmacy vitamin supplements:
- Fish fat.
- Tricalcium phosphate feed.
- Omega-3, Omega-6.
- Vitamins of group B.
In addition to vitamins and minerals, kittens and adult animals need taurine.
A rare amino acid is found in the following foods:
- Chicken heart, liver.
- Beef heart.
- Pork, fat-free ham, after deep freezing.
- Pork liver, heat-treated.
- Ocean fish, mollusks.
- Raw red fish.
- Live yogurt homemade.
- Whole milk.
Perhaps it will be more convenient for you to give your pet vitamin complexes. Veterinary pharmacies sell a variety of vitamin supplements in the form of treats, gels, and powders. Buying vitamin complexes involves financial costs, but they save time, effort and greatly simplify the life of the owner.
Water is the basis of metabolism and blood formation. The daily water rate is calculated from a proportion of 50 ml. per 1 kg of body weight. If the cat eats dry food, the daily water requirement increases at least to the widow.
Prohibited Products for Sphinx Kitten
It is important to exclude prohibited foods from the diet of a sphinx kitten:
- Bones, clean fat, skin, especially birds.
- Palm oil.
- Grapes, raisins.
- Juicy and sweet fruits.
- Corn and semolina.
- Raw freshwater fish.
- Dry, salted fish.
- Products containing sugar or its substitutes, xylitol (chewing gum, some sweets), flour or yeast, caffeine, cocoa, any stimulants (sweets, tea, coffee, chocolate), marinades, salt, spices.
- Smoked products, including sausages, balyks, fish.
- Expired Products.
- Leftovers from the table.
Controversial products in the diet of a sphinx kitten are:
- Steam pork is a source of helminths and false rabies.
- Raw ocean fish are a source of helminths.
- Whole milk is a risk of individual intolerance.
- Chicken eggs are an allergen.
- Factory chicken - the risk of allergies and individual intolerance.
- Raw and boiled chicken liver in large quantities.
Many controversial products are very useful. How to protect your pet? Products that threaten helminth infection should be boiled or pre-frozen for 3-5 days. If your pet begins diarrhea after milk, replace it with fermented milk products.
Introduce allergens into the diet carefully, tracking the reaction of the pet's body.
Cereals are often relevant in the diet of the sphinx, but it is better to give preference to rice and buckwheat. If the cat is allergic, only rice is suitable, as it does not contain gluten.