Diarrhea in puppies can be a symptom of intoxication, food allergies, bacterial infections, or helminth infections. Vomiting may occur after severe overeating. Diarrhea in a 3-month-old puppy often appears due to a change in diet, in particular when switching to an adult feed.
Causes of Diarrhea
There are many reasons that can cause diarrhea in a three-month-old puppy, one of them is:
- Eating too fatty foods.
- Servings too large and overeating.
- The choice for a puppy of poor-quality feed with an expired shelf life.
- Reaction to medications, deworming.
- Parasitic worms in the body. They can appear from contact with an infected dog, in rare cases, are transmitted in the womb from the mother.
- The ingress of foreign bodies into the esophagus.
- Allergic reaction. Usually appears when a new product is introduced into the diet.
- Bacterial or viral lesions of the intestine.
The following diseases are especially dangerous:
- Rotavirus infection - acute gastrointestinal disease, transmitted from contact with the carrier. Quite often, small puppies who have recently suffered a disease fall ill. It is accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea with an admixture of blood and significant weight loss, which is very dangerous for a fragile body. The incubation period is from 1 to 7 days.
- Parvovirus gastroenteritis - a severely transmitted viral disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms: a decrease in white blood cells in the blood, the pet refuses food and water, he has apathy, shortness of breath. In the absence of timely treatment, the puppy dies from a decrease in vascular tone and weakness of the heart muscle.
- Dog viral hepatitis. With the rapid course of the disease in young puppies, death occurs on the very first day, from a severe muscle spasm. A long-running disease is accompanied by thirst, fever, vomiting with bile, sometimes with blood, inflammation of the mucous membranes (rhinitis, conjunctivitis), there are cases of blindness for 2-10 days. Convulsions, convulsions, paralysis, jaundice in the skin are also observed. The latent form of the disease develops imperceptibly, but any irritating factor can cause its development.
Puppy mucus diarrhea
Impurities of mucus and blood in the feces of a puppy appear when the intestinal wall is damaged. Moreover, it often happens that abundant mucus discharge during diarrhea does not have additional symptoms.
- The presence of helminths;
- Intestinal dysbiosis;
- Viral diseases.
The use of adsorbent will also help eliminate diarrhea with mucus. For additional support of the body, it is permissible to use sea buckthorn oil, it has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
Diarrhea as a reaction to vaccination
Vaccination reactions are different, puppies often have diarrhea.
- Cold or dysbiosis in the puppy at the time of vaccination;
- The use of low-quality vaccines;
- Non-compliance with the rules in taking measures before vaccination (prevention of worms);
- The presence of infections that complicate diarrhea with additional symptoms.
Important! As a reaction to vaccination, the diarrhea is not so dangerous. However, if a puppy shows signs of apathy after vaccination, refusal to feed and water, or other symptoms, it is imperative to conduct a diagnosis under the supervision of a doctor in a hospital.
Diarrhea with vomiting
Such a syndrome is observed with severe irritation of the stomach and intestines.
- Severe helminth infections;
- Acute food allergy;
- Severe overeating.
The doctor will prescribe the drugs for treatment after studying the tests and determining the diagnosis, to support the body at the time of the onset of symptoms it is allowed to use general methods to prevent diarrhea.
In very young puppies, in case of serious illnesses, diarrhea with vomiting rapidly causes critical harm to the body, which may cause the pet to die. Of course, first aid at home is permissible, but if symptoms of serious illness are detected, it is better to consult a veterinarian immediately.
- At the reception, the doctor will be able to determine the cause of the malaise, in case of poisoning, he will wash the stomach and give recommendations on what to do next.
- If a foreign body is present in the puppy's esophagus, the veterinarian will be able to properly remove it.
- In the presence of symptoms of infection with worms, tests are required to establish a diagnosis and prescribe therapy. If the infection is confirmed, the puppy will need to undergo treatment with anthelmintic drugs.
- For any infectious disease, the most important thing is to choose the right antibiotics.
- With severe diarrhea, drugs must be selected to eliminate vomiting and diarrhea, and a veterinarian should also prescribe symptomatic therapy.
First aid for diarrhea
If diarrhea is not frequent and is not accompanied by other symptoms, first aid can be provided at home.
How to help your pet:
- Drink the puppy with distilled or boiled water from a clean bowl (no substitute for dairy or any other drinks).
- Rinse and clean the tray thoroughly after each bowel movement to prevent possible infection from multiplying.
- If the puppy refuses water, you do not need to drink forcefully, however, to prevent dehydration, put a dropper.
- Do not eat fatty foods, raw meat and fish.
- At home, chamomile can be used as a sedative, anti-inflammatory. Brew two sachets for 15 minutes, give drink five tablespoons every 2 hours.
- You can boil rice and solder a puppy rice broth, it has adsorbing properties and envelops the intestinal wall, protecting it.
If, within 24-36 hours, diarrhea does not stop and the pet's condition worsens, immediately consult a doctor in a clinic or call home. More often this is just a method to alleviate the general condition of the body, but it will not be able to prevent the development of the disease.
Available and safe means for puppies are:
- Enterofuril - antimicrobial agent, maintains a healthy intestinal microflora and relieves diarrhea.
- Enterosgel or activated charcoal - safe adsorbents, for young puppies it is better to use Enterosgel, as the preparation handles the intestinal mucosa more carefully.
- "Levometsetin" in tablets - an antibiotic. A puppy is given 1/4 tablet 2 times a day. You can mix the crumpled tablet into food or water, and then drink its puppy.
- Intramuscular administration of solutions of barium sulfate, cerucal and raglan will help against vomiting.
- In the presence of helminths, it is necessary to use anthelmintic drugs: Praziquantel, Albendazole and Mebendazole.
- In the presence of bacterial infection, antibiotics are used: Tsiprovet, Baytril, Enroksil other.
The use of other drugs is possible only as prescribed by a veterinarian.
When puppy diarrhea occurs, it is advisable to plant on a starvation diet, while adsorbents must be given to remove endotoxins from the intestines. Then you can brew a puppy with chamomile, sage or other herbs that have anti-inflammatory properties.
A day later, the puppy can be given fermented milk products (kefir, cottage cheese, everything except milk), rice broth. After the puppy undergoes a course of treatment, the usual lifestyle and diet can be returned.