At cynological forums, the question often arises: is it worth worrying if the dog has cold paws. Such problems arise in puppies, young, adult and elderly dogs, the anamnesis is always different, but there is no clear answer to the question. Let's figure out what are the reasons for the low temperature of the paw pads in dogs and what to do when you notice changes.
What should be the paws of a dog
Immediately, we note that if a dog always has cold paw pads from puppyhood, most likely there is no reason for concern, or you already know about them, just don’t connect. The structure of the skin on the paws is the same for all dogs, but depending on size and load, it is rude. Large four-legged pads are tenacious, rough, embossed, and decorative dogs, even in adulthood, heels are very tender.
Normal, paw temperature below body but above environment. Provided that the dog is at rest, the temperature of the limbs is stable. You need to understand that sleep is a state of deep rest, in which immunity and metabolic processes are very active, which can increase the basic body temperature.
Important! If you suspect your dog’s legs are too cold, measure your base body temperature. Fine? If the answer is yes, do not worry too much.
The body adapts to the external environment through thermoregulation. When the body needs to raise the temperature, it speeds up the metabolism and vice versa. That is, we can say that the temperature of the body and limbs depends on the conditions in which the animal is at a given time.
At low air temperatures and at rest, the dog's paws may seem a little cool - this is the norm. The body does not waste energy, the metabolism slows down. This phenomenon is due to the survival instinct, because wild dogs do not always manage to eat on time and to their full satisfaction, therefore, all the reserves of the body are on the account.
It is interesting! The ability to control your metabolism is most pronounced in sled dogs. Four-legged dogs run in the snow for 10-18 hours in a row, manage to relax a bit while moving, and at the same time breathe with their mouths open (that is, they are hot).
Too high air temperature and state of activity also leads to cooling paws, but the reason is different. Dogs are cooled by breathing with an open mouth and secretion from the glands between the fingers. In the heat, the dog should have a contrast-cold nose, and in intense heat and paw pads. In addition, the animal will tend to lie down in coolness, being on the street, the dog will find soft soil, undermine it and lie in a hole. By cooling the paw pads, the dog lowers the base temperature of the body.
Important! In a dog’s dream, the paws should be warm or even hot, especially if there is a high temperature in the house. However, there should be a measure in everything; too warm and dry air harms not only dogs, but also people.
How to warm a dog's paws
You may have noticed deviations from the norm and this worries you. Nothing terrible will happen if you intervene and try to support the strength of your pet's body.
If, after winter walks, the legs of your ward seem very cold, you need to purchase:
- Shoes with a comfortable sole - will protect not only from the cold, but also from the salt, which showers the hiking trails and the roadway.
- Socks with non-slip soles - will help out if there are problems with heating in the home.
Note! The smaller the dog, the more relevant the role of shoes and clothing is to keep her body warm.
Is the floor cold in your house? Are you comfortable walking without shoes and socks? If not - warm the place of sleep of the ward. There is no need for special tricks; it is enough to lay a cardboard, polystyrene or thermally insulating canvas under a sunbed. By experiment, a pet can be sheltered during sleep.
Note! during sleep, the dog actively gives off heat and if it is cold around, it is likely that the body temperature will drop.
There are many beautiful beliefs that people with cold hands have a warm heart or are in love, but, as the doctors say, they have vegetovascular dystonia ... and this is true in most cases. Cold feet in tetrapods can also indicate a number of problems that are not visible at first glance.
Immediately after a walk, the paw pads can be cold due to hypothermia. The phenomenon is temporary, usually passes without intervention, as soon as the paws are warmed up and the vessels come to their normal state. By the way, after walking in the snow, the dog’s paws should be washed with cool water, since a sharp immersion in heat leads to vessel injuries.
Note! After walking in snowy weather, the paw pads of the dog become hot.
- Intoxication (poisoning) - the first symptoms are vomiting and a drop in body temperature.
- Anemia - a low level of red blood cells in the blood leads to oxygen starvation of cells. With the progression of anemia, the blood volume decreases and the body supplies only vital organs with it, that is, the paws from the pads and above become very cold.
- Partial or full paralysis - leads to loss of sensation in the limbs. The problem may be neurological in nature (pinched nerves) or come to light after an injury. Usually, with injuries of the spine (with damage to the nerves or the spinal canal), it is found that the hind legs are much colder than the front.
- Vascular atherosclerosis - A common ailment of the elderly, occurs in animals. The disease is caused by changes in the walls of blood vessels, they become less elastic, which affects blood flow in the limbs.
- Problems with heart and vegetovascular dystonia, like any ailment of the cardiovascular system leads to a deterioration in blood flow. Survival mechanisms can work to the limit, but a diseased heart cannot physically provide blood to the whole body, which leads to oxygen starvation of cells and a decrease in temperature.
Note! Venous blood clots can also cause low extremity temperature. Blood clots physically clog vessels and veins, which partially or completely relieves blood flow.