Cats are vocal creatures. These animals often express their "opinion" on any occasion, some feline representatives are even able to make sounds similar to the simplest words (and for this they do not have to be trained). If the cat is hoarse, any owner will notice. Why can this happen, and is this pathology dangerous for the life and health of your pet?
What causes a cat to hoarse?
In most cases various infectious diseases of the respiratory system are responsible for the loss of “singing abilities”. For example, bronchitis may well lead to this result. Most often, it appears as a result of severe hypothermia of the cat's body, which leads to the rapid activation of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora. There are also infectious species that are instantly transmitted from animal to animal, especially if the latter are in a crowded state. This often happens in animal shelters. Since their "guests", as a rule, are already greatly weakened, infections quickly cover the entire population. Remember this if you decide to take a kitten from a shelter! What other reasons are there?
Besides, the cat may be completely hoarse due to "landing" voices. This happens if the animal screamed loudly and for a long time (for example, in the month of March, during "disputes" with its competitors). After mating, pets can also hoarse, as they express their feelings too loudly during the process. Hoarseness is one of the indirect signs of foreign bodies in the throat. The cat wheezes loudly, coughs, eventually losing the "original" voice.
Important! A very dangerous cause of sudden hoarseness is obstruction of the trachea. It can be caused by various factors - from a hereditary predisposition to cancer, when a tumor simply squeezes an organ. Sometimes obstruction is the result of serious mechanical neck injuries.
The cat can also hoarse from coughing, which in itself does not appear, always being a sign of some kind of respiratory disease. It appears with bronchitis, and with pneumonia ... and with some helminthic diseases. The fact is that Ascaris larvae, hatching from eggs in the intestines of an animal, immediately pierce the organ wall, enter the bloodstream and go on a “tour” with its current. The end point is the lungs. There, small parasites grow and develop over about two weeks. During this time, the lungs get seriously, inflammation occurs, which can easily develop into severe bronchitis or even pneumonia.
So that, if your pet coughs hard and then wheezes, draw conclusions. Perhaps the true reason is not respiratory diseases, but parasitic worms in the intestines. What else can a cat wheeze about? For example, a cat cannot meow due to severe stress. There are many cases when the animals lost their voice and could only squeak squeak due to parting with the owners, when moving, during a large and lengthy repair.
The clinical picture and diagnosis
Concomitant clinical signs (except, in fact, hoarseness itself) directly depend on the reasons that caused it. So, with bronchitis and pneumonia, in most cases, an increase in the general body temperature can be observed. Even without auscultation (listening) of the lungs, moist and bubbling rales can be heard. The general condition of the animal with inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system is depressed, apathetic. The pet refuses to feed, his thirst is intensified, he seeks to spend as much time as possible in the most remote and dark corners of the apartment or house. When he coughs, sputum can fly out of his mouth. The coughing process itself is painful and causes the animal a lot of suffering.
In case of helminthic diseases, there are observed: exhaustion, perversion of appetite, deterioration of the coat and skin, in some cases vomiting is possible (with a large number of parasites in the intestine). Again, if there are really many worms in the digestive organs, their fragments can sometimes be seen in the feces of the animal.
Obstruction of the trachea is accompanied not only by a loss of voice, but also by a severe (up to vomiting) cough. In addition, the cat may begin to choke, wheeze, foam comes from its mouth. In severe cases, the animal may die from severe asphyxiation, he needs to immediately provide medical assistance. What to do? Do not panic and immediately call the veterinarian at the first sign of suffocation! The sooner a specialist arrives, the less likely it is to die.
Thus, in many cases, the diagnosis can be made on the basis of only clinical signs, additional blood tests, urine, feces are taken, in doubtful and difficult situations, a biopsy can be performed for subsequent microscopic examination of samples of the obtained tissues. The latter method is used, for example, in the diagnosis of cancer. Also, if there is a suspicion of respiratory disease, an X-ray and ultrasound examination of the chest is performed.
Treatment, respectively, also depends on the root cause of hoarseness. Since respiratory diseases are the most common cause, they are used for therapy antibiotics a wide spectrum of action and other antimicrobials. For airway obstruction caused by foreign bodies or a tumor, they are removed surgically. The same is in case of deformation of the tracheal rings, which are replaced with synthetic implants.
Worms are destroyed using specialized drugs in combination with antibiotics. The latter are used to destroy pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora that have managed to take root in the lungs. It is only necessary to remember that the drugs for exterminating the worms have little effect on migrating larvae, and therefore the treatment should be repeated after about two weeks.
If you notice that your cat has a hoarse voice, notify the veterinarian! Perhaps hoarseness is a sign of a dangerous disease!