What to do if a cat yells after castration and is not even going to leave intentions to find a mating partner? Many owners castrate cats to get rid of problems with marks and hooters ... and you can imagine their disappointment when a pet who has gone out of anesthesia runs to mark the corners. Let's see why castrated cats are looking for a female and how to deal with it.
General information about castration
Let's see what the owners expect after castration of a cat. If the newcomer owner turns to the veterinarian in the hope that an adult cat will stop yelling at night, tag and demand a cat. Usually the owner comes to the veterinarian when the cat is already 2-3 years old, the whole apartment is saturated with tags, and the owner simply can not stand the pressure of the pet.
Experienced owners act differently, they turn to the veterinarian until the kitten has reached the age of one year and has begun to walk. Thus, it is possible to save the apartment and the psyche.
What is castration? For modern veterinary medicine, castration is a regular procedure that takes 10-15 minutes. The goal is to remove the testes from the cat, ovaries and uterus from the cat. An operation is performed under general anesthesia and requires some preparation:
- Basic vaccination and revaccination (if the cat is an adult).
- Prevention of parasites no later than 2 weeks before surgery.
- Weight loss if the cat is obese.
- General and biochemical analysis of blood.
- Urinalysis to identify urolithiasis.
- Smears for detecting latent genital infections.
- Examination by a veterinarian-cardiologist if the cat has a tendency to heart failure.
Castration should not be confused with sterilization. Sterilization is a concept derived from the word sterile, that is, not having the ability to have offspring. Sterilization is carried out by dressing, twisting or cauterizing the testes in cats. There is also chemical and drug sterilization. In all these cases, the cat is not removed from the testes, he continues to walk, tag, scream, call the cat and mate without the possibility of having a feed.
Contraindications to castration are also available. The operation is not performed in animals whose heart may not withstand anesthesia (congenital malformations, insufficiency, very old age). Some cats show an allergic reaction or an individual intolerance to the drugs. In this case, the operation is too risky.
Despite conditional safety, castration requires the observance of precautionary measures and all the requirements for rehabilitation. After anesthesia, the animal cannot control body temperature, so it must be warm. The cat can oversleep up to 20 hours in a row, so you need to monitor it, turn the pet on the other side every half hour (to prevent stagnation). Poor appetite and dehydration are the expected consequences of anesthesia. You need to act according to the situation, if the cat is very weak, 10-15 drops of warm water or a Regidron solution should be poured into the mouth.
Optimum age for castration
It is difficult to say what age is optimal for castration, since each breed of cat has individual characteristics. Statistics show that having time to do all the vaccinations, prepare the cat and have time to castrate before the marks appear is quite realistic at the age of 7-9 months. However, do not forget that some breeds are considered late ripening. For example, Maine Coons up to 1.2-2 years old may not show signs of sexual hunting and remain indifferent to females.
Up to 6 months of age, the formation of a cat, its skeleton and internal organs is affected by hormones secreted by testicles (testicles). All this is very logical ... but already disputed by veterinarians of Europe and the USA. Large, modern clinics and even shelters in America have been practicing early castration and sterilization of animals for several years. Kittens are operated at the age of 6-8 weeks. Cats have their testicles removed (neutered), cats have either their ovaries or uterus removed. The uterus is usually removed, which does not protect the cat from hormonal disruptions and cancerous tumors. At the age of 9 weeks, females are already castrated.
Perhaps, while this approach looks controversial and unusual, but 5-10 years ago, it was believed that the cat should be given birth for health (and the cat should be mated). Today, this statement is disputed by all experts who monitor the development of veterinary medicine.
Note! Castration is considered completely safe for cats aged 7 months to 8 years, provided that the animal is examined before surgery.
What to do if a cat screams and marks after castration
How to cope with the situation if even after castration the cat continues to yell, mark and call the cat? First, let's clarify the possible reasons. If the cat is sterilized rather than neutered, the inducing behavior is normal, since the male hormonal background does not change. When you choose between castration and sterilization, you need to clearly define the goals that you want to achieve. If you want the pet to behave calmly, have the character of a teenager, not methyl, do not fight and do not shout, only castration is suitable.
If you have castrated a cat who has not yet been methyl and has not walked, and he began to meow and scream, the reason is clearly not in harmony. Be sure to consult a doctor, it is likely that the cat screams in pain or cannot go to the toilet. It is worth noting that after castration, the cat must definitely inject painkillers. Even if the veterinarian insists that painkillers do not need to be done, do it.
Modern research, which was carried out several years ago, showed that cats experience severe pain 2-3 days after castration. Prior to this, it was generally accepted that cats adapt to pain (feel dull) in less than a day.
The hardest test is an adult, castrated cat who screams and marks anyway. The period of stabilization of the hormonal background can be delayed and even after it calms down, it can imitate marks or periodically scream.
What measures can be taken? The choice is small: endure and wait, or use medications that artificially align the hormonal background. When using the drug approach, there are pros and cons. Plus in speed, minus is that the stabilization of the hormonal background can drag on for a longer period.
Medications keep hormones stable for 4-6 months, after which a new surge or failure occurs.
Hormonal disruptions harm the health of the pet, even if it is neutered. If the situation is not acute, sedatives are used to maintain the health of the cat.
Try to give your pet more attention, encourage his activity (games) and good behavior. Keep in mind that a cat may behave inappropriately due to boredom or feelings of resentment. The fact is that the need for sociality and communication with a castrated cat increases dramatically. If the pet does not receive proper attention, he is offended and tries to attract attention by any means.