Many doctors recommend giving Smect a kitten for diarrhea for treatment. Whether this medicine is safe for the pet, how to determine the dose, and whether it is possible to treat the animal with a drug intended for humans, is answered in the article.
Digestion in kittens
The lumen of the gastrointestinal tract of a kitten at its birth is sterile. The first bacteria enter the body of the animal along with a sip of maternal colostrum. So there is a colonization of the intestines by microorganisms that contribute to the digestion of milk. The first 1-3 days, kittens receive colostrum from their mother, and later on the cat begins to produce milk.
Important! If for some reason the kitten is separated from his mother and is on artificial nutrition, the intestinal microflora is disturbed, which leads to digestive upset, which can manifest as constipation and diarrhea.
When the kittens turn 1 month old, a new stage begins for them - gradual adult translation. And it doesn’t matter at all: they fed the mother-cat with natural food or prepared food, in any case, this is a test for kittens, because they begin to receive new, previously unfamiliar food.
With a change in food, the microflora also changes, and the intestinal walls become irritated. The natural reaction of the intestines to irritation is the active production of mucus, due to which the kitten's feces liquefy or diarrhea can even begin. If the kitten feels great, then by the second month of life, the work of his intestines is normal.
Despite the fact that the appearance of diarrhea in a kitten during the transition to adult nutrition is completely normal, the owner needs to carefully monitor the condition of his little pet. In a kitten suffering from digestive upset, dehydration can occur very quickly, in just 20-30 hours.
Important Do not miss other health problems of the crumbs, because a change in diet may not be the only cause of diarrhea, if the peanut does not help in time, it will become worse.
The use of Smecta for diarrhea
The medicine is a white powder, packaged in packages of 3 grams. One bag before giving soluble in 100-120 ml of water. This tool is intended for the treatment of people, so the packaging and recommendations contained in the instructions apply only to the use of the drug by a person. The kitten should not be given the whole package, he needs a lower dosage.
Smecta is a universal medicine for the treatment of diarrhea. It has no contraindications and side effects. Rarely, with a large overdose of Smecta, it can lead to constipation.
The diluted powder quickly enters the intestines. Smecta has a double effect:
- enveloping the intestinal wall, the suspension relieves irritation and reduces the production of mucus;
- helps to remove toxins from the body, thereby improving the well-being of the kitten.
The drug is completely excreted in the urine 2-3 hours after its use.Treatment of diarrhea in a kitten with the help of "Smecta" does not carry the risk of stopping intestinal motility. When the pet is healthy, intestinal motility very quickly and easily returns to normal. If the kitten was picked up on the street, then it is very difficult to judge the causes of diarrhea, and therefore the use of stronger means will be risky.
When signs of diarrhea appear, the kitten should keep on a hungry diet for 10-12 hours. This restriction in food helps to free the intestines and prevent the propagation of pathogenic microflora. It is worth noting that you can not keep a kitten on a diet for more than 12 hours, as they must be fed frequently.
If the kitten was prescribed any drugs other than Smecta, the order of their use must be observed. Smecta is given to an animal 3-4 times a day, since this drug has an absorbing property, it cannot be fed after using another medicine, because Smecta will remove it from the intestine, and the medicine will not have time to act.
Should I give a Smect a kitten?
The transfer of a pet to adult food in most cases is accompanied by diarrhea, therefore, with the introduction of complementary foods, you can give the Smecta kitten for preventive purposes. In this case, diarrhea goes away in 5 hours. If there are doubts that diarrhea could have been triggered not by a change in food, but by some other reason, you must definitely show the pet to the doctor, because in comparison with an adult cat, the risk of death from dehydration in a pet is much higher.
When the baby is poisoned or ate spoiled food, diarrhea and vomiting do not need to be stopped - in this way the body cleans itself of poisons.
If a couple of hours have passed from using Smecta, and the condition of the crumbs does not improve, there is reason to believe that the liver or pancreas can not cope with their functions, which is why the toxins got into the blood. If the animal does not want to drink and eat, it is urgent to show it to the veterinarian. In an adult pet, the body has a certain "margin of safety", but any violation of the health of a small kitten does not suffer delay. Also alarming symptoms are a decrease in temperature, weakness. All this suggests that the reason for the deterioration of the condition of the pet was not a change in diet, but something else.
How to give "Smect" kittens?
The dosage of the product is the same for an adult cat and a baby. Half a bag is diluted in 50 ml of water. At one time, the kitten is evaporated no more than 20 ml of the resulting suspension. It is better to feed the product with frequent, but small portions. Since Smecta is evacuated through the kidneys, you need to control that the kitten urinates in the toilet. If this is not the case, the baby is likely to have impaired kidney function.
Without food, the baby can exist no more than a day, but still the duration of a hungry diet should not exceed 12 hours. It is very important that the kitten receives a sufficient amount of liquid, if he refuses to drink, then you need to breed Smecta with plenty of water and force the kitten to drink.
Many animals like the sweet taste of the medicine, so they themselves willingly drink the diluted suspension, and the owner just has to check that the right amount of liquid is drunk. If the kitten refuses to drink on its own, then the suspension is given to him forcibly. It is necessary to solder a kitten neatlyso that he does not choke.
The following are tips for drinking a kitten:
- it is best to use a 2-cc syringe without a needle, it is very convenient to drink a kitten from it, and it is also convenient to control the dosage of the drug;
- before drinking, you need to let the pet sniff the syringe, so he can look around and calm down;
- the nozzle of the syringe is pushed on the side of the mouth, between the chewing teeth;
- if the kitten chokes, watering immediately stops. The pet needs time to cough;
- during drinking, the kitten sometimes fights and bites its owner, so before the procedure it can be wrapped in a sheet;
- the suspension must be poured carefully, in small portions, periodically lifting his head and stroking his neck. So the baby is better at swallowing the medicine and does not choke.
If the kitten actively resists when drinking, and a lot of medicine spills, then you can raise the volume of fluid. An overdose of Smecta is not as dangerous as a condition of severe diarrhea.
Improving the condition of the animal, as a rule, occurs within 1-3 hours from the first use of Smecta. But toxins continue to be produced in the intestines, pathogenic microflora is destroyed at best in one day, so Smecta treatment should be continued for 1-3 days.
If 3 hours have passed since the first use of Smecta, and the kitten’s condition does not improve, then two options are possible:
- either the dosage of the drug was not calculated correctly;
- or the cause of diarrhea is not intestinal irritation.
You can give Smect to the animal a second time and observe its condition for another 2-3 hours. But still it is better not to risk the baby’s health and immediately take him to the veterinarian. If diarrhea occurs as a result of poisoning or a malfunction in the liver, then Smecta treatment, although improving the condition of the pet, will not eliminate the cause of the disease, and time will be lost.
This is especially true for kittens found on the street. Such babies are often infected with worms, which can also cause diarrhea. In this case, treatment with Smecta is pointless, and it is impossible to give anthelmintic drugs for diarrhea. It is also impossible to use Smecta with worm preparations at the same time, since being Smecta absorbent reduces the effectiveness of anthelminthic drugs. Therefore, the kitten must be shown to the veterinarian who will select the right treatment for him.